Film: 1411

Industry + Work | 1940 | Sound | B/W


Paper 1940's

Map of the world opens the film after the main titles. In 105 AD the Chinese invented paper. This process is still used in India. Washing rags in India Arabs discovered paper via captives. Spread of paper manufacture detailed. In 1450 printing was invented which subsequently meant that more paper was needed. Paper mills were established in other countries including Britain. The process was taken to the New World (America) using the same original Chinese techniques. Pulp moulded and pressed with gum. Process then invented to manufacture paper in an 'unending length' in rolls. Paper up until this time had for the most part been make from rags etc. With more and more paper being produced rags became short so other things were utilized, i.e. Potato tops, cabbage stalks, straw and even nettles were used. Timber being felled, bark stripped. In 1860 paper was produced from a specially grown grass but in 1880 came a real breakthrough, paper was made from wood pulp from spruce and other soft wood trees mainly from Canada and Scandinavia. Water marking. Scenes of logs being floated down river and some rare shots of the actual process using china clay etc. in paper making. Chinese calligraphy on silk. Cast paper making machines turn out 300 mile of paper in 24 house. However fine quality paper is still make by hand using the old hand process form nearly 2,000 years ago ( In Spain). Film includes a good shot of a steam locomotive hauling a log train.

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