Media | 1940 | Sound | B/W
An explanation of how television works, television studios, how the gallery works, shot changes, and how transmission works.
Two women sitting down watching television. A whole family - mother, father, small son, and grandmother - sitting in their living room watching TV. Fencing match as shown on the TV screen, with the television around it. The fencing match, the two swords clashing; pull back to show the men fighting, and a cameraman filming them. The two men sword fighting in the television studio; zoom in to the camera. The cameraman.
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Inside the camera; the glass lens in a pipe. A man holding the glass pipe. The two men fighting as seen through it; zoom in as the picture freezes; zoom out to show that picture above the words "Camera Frame", and to the right, a blank rectangular area of the same size, with "Receiver Screen" below it; above each screen, a small representation of transmitter, and dotted lines moving between to show the signal being transmitted; the picture builds up on the other screen piece by piece; the screen changes, and another picture is transmitted, then another; then the transmission is speeded up to normal time, and identical footage of fencing is shown on each screen. Cut to a boy watching the fencing on TV at home.
A man looking through the camera; pan around and down to a cable leading away from it. Four men in a control room surrounded by machines used to prevent interference. Machines. More machines. Outside, pan up a towering antenna used to send signals. Antenna used as transmitter in the countryside surrounded by trees, seen from a distance. Transmitters at a high altitude, which the voice-over explains they always are, beneath blue sky, by a small building. A transmitter in open countryside. A hillside near Albany, New York; a road goes through trees and countryside. The previous transmitter; pan right to show that it is on a hill, and that it can reach the open, flat countryside surrounding.
Rapid pan right to the relay station; four towers on flat grass. A drawing of these towers on a hillside, the label "Relay Station" below; zoom out to show lots of black ground and a slope, at one point "New York" on it; New York gives out signals represented by rippling circles that reach over to the relay station, which relays them to the transmitter which has appeared after the camera has moved to the left; the relay horizon is shown; move left to show the Capitol District further to the left, and the transmitter transmits to it; zoom in to the Transmitter.
Two men working with the rows of machines in the transmitter. A television screen on a machine; zoom in to it. Zoom out from the screen at the front of a long tube. The screen. Another shot of the screen, as the footage of fencing comes on. The boy watching the television at home. The mother watching. The whole family in their living room. The outside of the WRGB television studio, the gates at the front. The inside of a studio; two men carry steps onto the set, men operating a camera, microphones, air conditioning. A man pushing lights over towards the set. A ceiling light moving around to shine downwards. Two men by two cameras, loading them with film. Zoom in to show one of the cameras. A man pushing a box in front of a camera. He opens it up to show the glass lens inside.
A camera crew by trains; pan right to people by a zoo enclosure with seals in water, people throwing fish in for them to eat. Camera filming fish being thrown to the seals. An old man watching this on a television. The camera filming the feeding. A different angle; fish being thrown to the seals, camera crew to the left filming. A vehicle belonging to the television company used to transport the crew there; pan upwards to an antenna on the vehicle.
A camera in a room with a small group of musicians including a cellist; rapid pan right to show people performing a Gilbert and Sullivan song, which the camera films; zoom out to show the cameras and the musicians. A cable going to a microphone hanging from the ceiling; pan down to the two men singing, directly below this. Shown from further away, this being filmed. The director looking at three monitors to see what each camera picks up. A television in a home, showing a picture.
Back in the studio, the camera filming the singers. The director looking over notes on pieces of paper. He looks at the monitor screens, and occasionally switches which footage is shown. He gives instructions to move the camera. In the studio, they move the two cameras. Another shot of them doing this; lights are also moved. A camera is moved in further towards the singers. A man pushes the camera, which is on wheels, forwards; zoom in to the far wall, a restaurant set with a table, chairs, and pictures on the wall; pan left to another set, a woman sitting by an outdoor backdrop. Cameras and lights being moved. An audience watching the recording from above. The audience. The backs of their heads as they watch.
A show on a television screen; close-up of a woman singing. In the studio, the three people singing from the Pirates of Penzance by Gilbert and Sullivan operatta, two men and a woman, the men in nautical costumes, by the steps; the camera filming them. View from above of the studio; pan right from the show being filmed, all the way around and up to the director watching from above. The director watching the monitor screens. The three people singing; zoom in to them. The back of the mother and grandmother in their home watching the show.
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