Film: 3004

Industry + Work | 1940 | Sound | B/W


Fishing trawlers
Various people fishing . Fishmongers. Fish being fried in a frying pan. Fishing harbour with boats. New recruits taught about nets, engines and so on at Yarmouth.
Boats leave on the tide. Hosing down the deck. Grimsby is a major fishing port. Boys in the fishing school making nets, they all wear suits and ties whist they are weaving the nets, they use a sort of shuttle as on a loom.
Rope is sometimes made of wire, very hard on the hands, the instuctor is there to show them how to do it. He twists the metal with a pike that is in the centre of the line of wire. The climb aboard a vessel via a ladder that has been leant up onto the deck, some boys climb up with hands, others trust their balance and walk up the sloping ladder. The instructors show them how to handle the net. The net must be looked after. The net must be loaded evenly. Nets get damaged in stormy weather. Drift net fishing is only done at certain times of the year. Trawling can be done all year around. Traling uses a coracle shaped net on the ocean bed, therefore the net is heavier than the drift net. Fishermen must take into consideration strength of current and the tides when setting their nets. Many men are needed to lift the trawling net. The boat either runs on petrol or diesel. Fishermen must obey the rules of the sea, eg. A smaller vessel must give way to a larger vessel. Students must also learn about sounding aparatus and radar. They are also taught nautical astronomy. They also need to be mechanically minded to fix the engine etc if things go wrong. Each morning the boat puts to sea on the tide. The boat has a life boat suspended from the stern. The boat has a funnel amid ship. The swell is not too bad but some of the students feel a bit sick. In autumn they use drift nets in the north sea. The shoals of fish are up to 8 miles long. It takes 80 men from various vessels to cast the net. The net stretches for 2 miles and is 30 feet deep. Canvas pallets keep the net at the correct depth by acting as floats. Drift nets are cast from the stern of the boat and are left for several hours. When the catch is brought on board it is washed. The net is hauled in by hand. Trawlers fish all year around. They travel further afield than drift net fishing and travel as far as Iceland. Nets are hauled every 4 to 5 hours throughout the day and night. Filled nets weigh several tons. The nets are emptied then recast again

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