Film: 4978

Farming + Rural Life | 1940 | Sound | B/W


An educational film about agriculture, explaining and demonstrating how to avoid the soil being washed away when cultivating hills or slopes. Soil errosion and dust bowl 1940's

Two horses and a farmer, ploughing. A field with haystacks. 'This film is about how to use water and soil in order to get a rich harvest.' A herd of cattle, two cowboys. 'A nation with vast plains should breed cattle.' Large fields with tractors. Wheat. 'Different times, different needs. Today America produces wheat.' A row of about 15 harvesters on a field. Harvester, cutting wheat. Sandy fields. Huge clouds of dust. Some houses, small in comparison to the clouds of dust. 'Once the wheat is cut, the soil is unprotected and gets carried away by winds.' Two sad looking farmers. 'They are helpless against the winds.' A farmer ploughing a small hill. 'Wherever the farmers ploughed hills, the soil is washed away.' Mud. A muddy river. A deserted farmhouse, in the foreground a sandy, hilly field. 'We should learn from those mistakes.' A harvester in front of a cultivated landscape. The harvester. 'The best farms are those that use soil and water properly.' Soil, the wheels of a harvester running over it. 'Grass protects the soil, but we can't eat it.' A hilly landscape with trees and meadows. 'It should not be cultivated into fields. But it has to be cultivated somehow.' Meadows behind a fence. A farmhouse at the base of a hill. The hill behind a fence and a haystack. 'The roots of the trees protect the soil.' Roots of a tree. A tree is cut. First with an axe, then by two men using a saw. It falls down. Cattle grazing on a hill. 'The farmer can sell timber by planting trees, and by cultivating meadows he can feed the cattle.' A farmer on a tractor collecting hay. Cattle on a hillside. 'Too many cattle destroy the soil as well.' A very skinny cow, grazing. Grass plains. Grazing cattle. 'Meadows can protect the soil of some plains as well.' A farmer, harvesting maize. 'If the land is not to dry, then it is suitable for cultivating maize or grain.' Fields with some slopes. 'A special technique of cultivating is necessary here.' Vertical furrows - the rain washes the soil away. Horizontal furrows rounding the hill. The rain seeps into the ground and is useful for plants. Furrows filled with water. A geologist with an optical instrument on a tripod measuring the correct position of the furrows. A second man puts sticks into the ground to indicate where the furrows have to go. The farmer ploughs along the sticks.
Farmer and horse, hilly fields. He plants maize or other cultivated plants on the borders between the meadows. The meadows protect the soil and catch it if it is washed away from the borders. A Farmer, looking at plants. Vast fields with stripes - the stripes prevent the soil from being blown away. A Farmer on a slope. He builds 'terraces', i.e. he builds dams of earth that catch the rain and the soil washed down. The rain can flow off at the sides without washing down the soil. A little brook. A farmer working in the field. A hilly landscape with deep furrows - the soil has been washed away. Another landscape like this with trees in the furrows. They prevent the furrows from becoming even deeper. A farmer ploughing a field that has been cultivated with green plants in order to produce manure. He cuts the plants, ploughs them into the soil. A farmer on a cart shoveling industrial fertilizer on the field - another technique for increasing the productivity of land. Farmers unloading sacks of lime from a cart. They use it together with industrial fertilizer. A farmer with tractor, ploughing. Images of fields and slopes with haystacks.

To request more details on this film, please contact us quoting Film number 4978.