Film: 5237

Science | 1980 | Sound | Colour

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Synopsis:

Science. A large aerial. Dr G.G. Manning talking about the hydrogen atom at the Rutherford High Energy Laboratory, Didcot, he shows the camera an hydrogen atom model and a carbon atom model. Close up on the carbon model focusing on the nucleus (six protons and 6 neutrons). Dr Manning talking to the camera, various physicists are working behind him, he discuses high energy physics and compares the accelerator to a machine gun, the protons to bullets and various materials to the target. Dr Manning standing in front of a diagram of a proton accelerator. Close up of the diagram, voice over explains several details regarding the proton accelerator. Pan of the Rutherford high energy laboratory.

Close up of the hydrogen bubble chamber followed by a tilt shot of the bubble chamber. Dr Manning stands next to a machine which displays the photographs taken in the bubble chamber, the photographic film is projected onto a table. Dr Manning traces a film of a beam particle threw a liquid, he points to a trace of a proton that has been knocked out. Another trace displays one negative charge and one positive charge, the neutral charge later decays into a positive and a negative charge. Close up of Dr Manning. Close up of an atomic model. Dr P.J.G. Butler (MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge) is sitting next to a complicated molecular model (Haemoglobin). Close up of the haemoglobin model. Close up of Dr Butler talking behind the haemoglobin model. Large density maps (obtained from crystal molecules, probably haemoglobin) are projected onto a wall over the haemoglobin model. Close up of a mirror reflection of Dr Butler's face. Another close up of the haemoglobin model with no bound oxygen. Close up of projected density maps. Close up of a red ball which represents the iron atom present in haemoglobin. Dr Butler walks around the atomic model. Close up of the red ball (represents the ion atom in the oxygen carrying haemoglobin). Close up of Dr Butler's face, he talks about the advantages of using models to study the oxygen binding site. Pan of the haemoglobin model. Close up of a green ball (atom). A woman looking under a microscope.

Miss K.E. Buckton (MRC Clinical and Population Cytogenetics Unit, Edinburgh) sits in her laboratory and tells the camera that she study the inheritance of human characteristics. Miss Buckton shows the camera the karyotype of a normal male and of a normal female. Close up of Miss Buckton while she talks about chromosomal abnormalities such as mongolism (an extra chromosome 21). Pan of various karyotypes of people with an extra chromosome 21. Professor R. Markham (John Innes Institute, Norwich), carries a plant into the laboratory, a woman scientist is already working under a microscope. Professor Markham talks to the camera about plant viral diseases, he shows the camera a plant infected with a virus disease, the virus is carried by insects. Close up of Professor Markham's face. The woman scientist prepares a tissue sample, from the infected plant, for examination under the electron microscope. Close up of the tissue stained and ready for the electron microscope. View of Professor Markham looking under the electron microscope. Focus on the tissue sample as it is viewed under the electron microscope. Professor Markham sitting next to the electron microscope. Close up of an electron micrograph. An optical diffractometer (aids in the examination of electron micrographs). Professor Markham talks about the specimen he is examining in the optical diffractometer. Close up of a plant leaf with insects crawling on it. Dr N.E.A. Scopes, Glass House Crops Research Institute, Littlehampton, holds a potted plant, inside a green house, he tells the camera that green fly (aphids) are serious virus transmitters and that he studies pest damage to plants and ways to develop biological control methods. Close up of a leaf infested with aphids. A leaf covered with mould, the mould developed on honeydew excreted by the aphids. Examples of insect damage on a crop of chrysanthemum, right next to this crop is a pest free chrysanthemum crop.

Dr Scopes goes into the laboratory to show how a pest free crop can be achieved. A woman looks at a green fly (aphid) under the light microscope. Dr Scopes introduces ladybirds into the colonies of the pests, Close up of ladybirds laying eggs in the vicinity of the aphids. Close up of the ladybird larvae which feed on the aphids. Close up of an adult ladybird. Dr Scopes talks about "organic" methods already in use in Great Britain green houses. Close up of a leaf with ladybirds and aphids. A jeep moving across a field or moor, a man stands watching from afar.

Close up of the jeep. Dr J.C. Rodda, Institute of Hydrology, Wallingford talks to the camera about his hydrological studies. Plymlimon the source of the River Wye and River Severn. The river Wye (Wales) and the river Severn (Wales). A man manipulates instruments used in the measuring of rainfall, storage changes in the soil and the flow of the rivers. Pan of the river Severn. Dr Rodda sits on a gage that measures the flow of the river Severn. Several shots of the river flowing threw the gage. A forest on the bank of the river Wye. A man goes into a hut to read the results recorded by the hydrological instruments. Dr G.W. Potts, Marine Biological Association of the U.K., Plymouth, doing underwater studies of fish schooling behaviour. Dr Potts standing on the prow of a boat. A school of fish. Dr Potts studies the fish underwater. Fish in a water tank, he uses these fish to study details of their behaviour. Dr Potts in the laboratory. Close up of a fish. View of Dr Potts studying the fish behaviour in the fish tank. A football on a rocky beach. Sea waves hit the shore. A rocky shore with cliffs. Pan of the cliffs. Two men walk on the shore towards the cliffs. Mr F.W. Dunning, Institute of Geological Sciences, Exeter, sit on the rocky beach, he is holding a football and explains that the earth's surface is made up of segments, when the segments move, the earth holes are filled with molten rock, he also explains how the plates move causing earthquakes and mountain ranges. Close up of the cliffs. Another man studies the folds in the rocks and explains how the rocks were formed. Close ups of the rock cliff formation. Another view of Mr Dunning sitting on the rocky beach.

The Royal Observatory's Global Seismology Unit at Edinburgh. The antenna that receives seismology information from the outstations. A seismograph signal. Seismometers. The recording of an earthquake that occurred, out at sea, off Lisbon in 1969, it was a 8.1. The Radio and Space Research Station, Slough. Record of radiation received from the sun. Dr F. Horner, outside the Radio and Space Research Station, Slough. Several shots to show details of the station. A large antenna (aerial) used to study the ionosphere. Three men showing a satellite and a rocket. The rocket is being prepared to launch the satellite. The rocket is launched. The large aerial. A brief summary follows.


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