Personalities | 1950 | Sound | B/W
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A study of Hitler by Alan Bullock 1950's
A lecture given by Alan Bullock about Hitler and the book that Bullock wrote "Hitler, A Study in Tyranny" Bullock stands before the camera and talks without notes. Begins with talking about how he started his book. Talks about the quantity of material available - Hitler's speeches, propaganda material, Hoffman's photograph albums. Describes how he came to the conclusion that the book would be in three parts.
Talks about the Beer Hall Putsch of Munich, Germany, 1923. How he had found the complete proceedings of the trial of Adolf Hitler and the other participants. Speaks of how there isn't much evidence available of his formative years.
Bullock talks of how Hitler became a dictator which was the bit he enjoyed writing most. Lots of material and the benefit of hindsight. A book published in 1936 by Rudolph Olbern called "Hitler the Pawn" which stated that Hitler was no more than a pawn in the hands of the generals and the industrialists and financiers who really controlled Germany. Bullock describes this as improbable.
The consolidation of Hitler's power. Night of the Long Knives, purge by Rohm in 1934. Bullock speaks of his feelings experienced first when he read of this in a n English newspaper. The removal of Field Marshall von Blomberg ( Minister of War) and General von Fritsch (Commander in Chief of the German Army) in 1938. Examination of Hitler's foreign policy and the exploitation f mistakes b=made by the British and French. Discusses the Munich Conference (1938) which was attended by Neville Chamberlain, Prime Minister of Britain.
Examination of Hitler as a warlord between 1939 and 1945 during World War II. The Polish campaign was the turning point of a previously localised war. Hitler realised the possibility of a general war which was increased by his policy of Blitzkrieg (lightning war) in Poland.
Bullock had not wanted to write a history of World War II. He does however discuss whether Hitler was responsible for both the victories and defeats of Germany, particularly as the generals make Hitler out to be responsible only for the losses after 1943.
A narrative to cut the myths and propaganda surrounding Hitler. Irrational and uncanny power that Hitler exercised over other people. Schachts memoirs - all Hitler's actions were through cold calculation. Hitler's self-dramatisation and exploitation of "image" which he later began to believe.
Third Reich, Nazi Germany
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