Social History | 1960 | Sound | B/W
A map of southern Asia: Afghanistan, West Pakistan, India, East Pakistan, China and Tibet, the Soviet Union and Kashmir.
A Sikh priest calling people to prayer. The Golden temple at Amritsar but this may in fact be the Wazir Khan mosque in Lahore which has been mistaken as the Golden Temple of Amritsar.The film could be about either India or Pakistan. A large courtyard in what appears to be a temple. Panoramic view of a city. Minarets. A crowd in front of the temple. Beating a drum or cymbal. Hindus dancing. Trees in the background. A city street. A van drives past the office of the Civil and Military Gazette. An American playing baseball hits the ball and starts running. The short-stop is either Indian or Pakistani. The spectators applaud. View of a city. Late 1950's-early 1960's cars at a cross-roads. A policeman directs traffic. A coach, horsedrawn cab and what looks like a Morris Minor car. Plates of food. Amongst other food on the plates are pistachio nuts. A smartly dressed waiter serves apparently well-to-do men and women. It looks like they are at a restaurant. A young woman in a sari eating. A middle aged woman eating sherbet. An unidentified building dating from the 1950's. What looks like a police station. Poor people. Shacks by a river. A woman is carrying water from it. Slum dwellers, a man holding a young child, a boy with goats, small children. More adults in the background. Camels, men and a dog by some single storey buildings. A camel gets up. Camels eating. A camel towing a cart down a row of shacks. Soldiers, marching on parade. A general salutes him. Behind him is the Pakistani flag. President Kennedy and his wife Jacqueline Kennedy (later Jacqueline Onassis) meeting the Pakistani president. behind them is a palatial house. Carts loaded with people move along a tree-lined road. men, women and children stand huddled close to a tree (to avoid the worst of the monsoon?) Low buildings surrounded by barren earth. A town of low buildings. A group of boys with hockey sticks run into a dusty field and start to play. A girl or woman scoops some water out of a bin for two children who hand the drink down to a row of children sitting beside a wall. A voice says "Aid usually goes to those who already have enough". A woman's voice: When there is an epidemic, we get aid, but there is a greater need for everyday help, also modern equipment and modern hospitals.
Many Pakistani women and children in a courtyard. An American woman teaching. An illustrated primary school book. A man's voice: because Americans give us aid, they think they own us body and soul. This neo-colonial attitude is resented. Sign: Female out-patient department. Poor Pakistani women and children. Educated man's voice: The Americans consider us inferior; we consider them childish.
Woman's voice: We consider ourselves friends of the United States but they appear to be more generous towards neutral countries.
A man rides a cart pulled by a donkey. Behind him are two strangely shaped vases. A man apparently threshing rice. There are others doing the same in the background. Educated man's voice: Once the U.S. has finished with Pakistan, they will stop giving us aid. Advertisement for the 1958 film "Horror of Dracula". Woman's voice: All we see from the US is horror films and rock'n'roll. A boy's face. Woman's voice: The American culture we see is detrimental to friendship. A small boy with a drum. An almost deserted tree-lined street.
Voice-over: Americans in Pakistan isolate themselves and prevent either themselves or us getting a good impression of each other. A van turns off the street and parks in front of a large house. A boy opens the door of the van. An American in a suit claps the by on the back and they enter the house. A mother and her daughter in the daughter's bedroom. The little girl is in bed. On some shelves in the background are toys and books. It is the girl's bedtime. The mother is having a party tonight and reminds her daughter to stay in her room and not to disturb the party. The father comes in, hugs his wife, clasps his daughter's hand and sits on the bed. The girl is not feeling well and did not go to school today. The party. Smartly dressed middle-aged men and women sit or stand talking to each other in a salon decorated in typically 1950's - early 1960's style. People drinking and smoking. The mistress of the house. She enjoys living in Pakistan but stills feels an émigrée. She does a lot of charitable work and is involved with many women's groups. She is very interested in promoting education for Pakistani girls through getting funding for scholarships. Women in Pakistan are often low priority for education in most families, she says. The party. Warships. A port. Merchant ships. Port, with cranes. A ship in dry dock.
Ploughing a field with a plough drawn by oxen.
An American instructor teaches some Pakistanis how to teach others to use a cultivator. He shows them a poster to help them. The camera closes in on one of the pupils. The pupil is now instructing farmers in a village on how to increase their crop yields. A semi-circle of men sit listening intently. Boys listen too, as do some elderly men. Ploughed fields. Barren land. Pools of water. Parched earth. Pools of water. A mill wheel lifting and emptying buckets of water. It is powered by a donkey. Piping the water to an irrigation trench. Erecting a drill to dig a well. Piping water from the well. An irrigation canal. An irrigation canal and blooming fields. Military aircraft fly past. Infantry supported by tanks and aeroplanes advance.
A city - possibly Accra. A street crowded with cars. Men and women watch a minibus go past. Some of the women have fruit balanced on their heads. Queen Elizabeth II and Nkrumah are followed by Prince Philip. She meets some African women. She and Nkrumah wave to crowds. A girl presents flowers to Nkrumah. A massive crowd fills a sports stadium. he addresses a convention, perhaps the United Nations, in which he says he wishes the world to be free of colonialism by the end of 1962. Banging drums. A flag party of boys marks time. They turn to face a seated group of people. One of them says repeatedly Nkrumah does no wrong. The seated audience respond "Nkrumah never does". A statue of Nkrumah. It says Kwame Nkrumah, Founder of the Nation" and "Seek Ye First the political kingdom and all other things shall be added unto it." The statue is in front of the Parliament house. View of Accra. Ghana Farmers' House. Modern (1950') buildings. Kwame Nkrumah House? A college. Students wander, talking. A man reading. A street in Accra. Two story building - houses? A ship in port. Cranes. Harbour view. Pulling a ship towards shore. In the background a launch. in the foreground a ship tying-up point. Men hauling in nets from the sea on a beach. A crowd on a beach. Women with baskets on their heads. Hauling a net in from the sea. Children playing by the surf. A child dragging one of the buoys from the net. Looking at the catch. A tree-lined river. Tied up canoes. A canoe comes in to land. A pile of bananas, women and canoes. A small child in front of a bowl. A mother lifts her child up. A man sharpening a knife whilst another brushes a child's hair. A market - a crowd of shoppers and stalls. Some women balancing baskets on their heads. A stall-holder chatting. A group of people looking at a stall. Amongst the on the stall are Surf and Oxo. Other views of the market. Meat on a stall. A woman looks straight at the camera. A baby in a bag, A woman using a hand-powered sewing machine. Accra, the minibus we saw earlier passes by. in the market a man with a tie on talks without success to a couple of women with baskets on their heads. What appears to be a bus station. Bus names - Lovely, One Man No Chop, Politeness, Rock of Ages, (Sekondi Swedru) The Day, Had I Known, Never Despair.
Cars in Accra. The countryside. Neatly planted crops. Three men, one American, discuss the crops in a different field. A car pulls up. Two men, one American, get out. Everyone shaking hands. They discuss the crop - rubber. They think they can reach their goal of having 25,000 acres of rubber planted within five years. They leave to go and have some food. One American stays behind and outlines the U.S. aid programme in Ghana. Both Americans work for the United States Government. They people who want for food are sitting on a veranda. The man who just spoke to us joins them. The scene of the Volta river dam project. Wooded hills above a valley. Two engineers blast a side of the valley. Lots of dust. An American gives us some facts about the dam project, emphasising its international funding and workforce. The dam should bring electricity and industry to Ghana. The Volta. Two engineers talking to each other. An artist's impression of the completed dam. The top of the uncompleted dam. A group of men spraying water on to the top of the dam. A big truck dumps its load. A group of men by a pipe. Two divers, one black one white, have their helmets put on preparatory to diving. They get into the water of the new lake. Men working on the dam. The scarred valley. A village. A car pulls up and the black driver gets out. He has a pipe in his mouth. A white man - American - is teaching a class French. He asks, in French, if they like swimming. The man with the pipe waits outside the room while one lesson goes on. The teacher asks individuals a variety of questions. Outside the man with the pipe talks to someone else. It is the headmaster of the school. He likes the American Peace Corps teachers. He has applied for more to come to his school. He wants some science teachers - the man with the pipe says there will be some about next year. One of the headmaster's concerns is that if one teacher leaves, he may not be able to continue the class that the teacher taught. An American girl teaching PE. The man with the pipe watches. She sees him and waves. Another girl takes over the class as the American girl goes to talk to the man with the pipe, Mr Carter. She hurt herself when a horse fell on her. She talks to him briefly about her work as a teacher. Mr Carter introduces her to the camera crew and she tells us a bit about her job and how much she is enjoying it. Mr Carter says that most peace corps teachers greatly enjoy living and teaching in Ghana. She returns to her class. Mr Carter starts talking to a Ghanaian teacher about the American girl and he seems to have a high opinion of her. The American and her class. They describe the Peace Corps as a godsend. The American girl. The French class. The are learning the verb aimer, to like.
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