War + Military | 1940 | Sound | B/W
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U.S. Government public information film giving background to and reasons for United States entry into the Second World War 1940's
Definitely made before the end of the war but after Pearl Harbour, so about 1942/43.
U.S. soldiers parade through the streets. A bomb explodes. The release of shells from aeroplanes. Bombs fall on Pearl Harbour. Pictures of the Blitz. St. Paul's Cathedral being bombed. Paris during bombing - Notre Dame de Paris, tanks rolling through the city, the Eiffel Tower. View of marching jackboots. German soldiers march past the Arc de Triomphe. Devastation in a Chinese town - dead bodies strewn on the ground. Japanese aerial bombardment. Fighting in Czechoslovakia. A Nazi bomber flies over a Norwegian wood. Bombing of a town in Norway. Lines of dead bodies in Poland. Nazi planes fly over the Acropolis in Athens.
Russian peasants dig trenches in preparation for Nazi attack. A cavalry on the attack. Shells falling from a plane and explodes on land below. Map of the United States with munitions production in the background. Map showing where U.S. is fighting. Quotation from Henry Wallace in 1942, "This is a fight between a free world and a slave world." Cartoon of a white planet and a black planet. Focus on the white planet Earth - the 'free world'. Examples from this free world: the commandment "Thou shalt not covet that which is thy neighbours", the Koran, the Analects of Confucius, the Bible, the American Declaration of Independence. A statue of George Washington. Statue of Thomas Jefferson. Garibaldi. Lafayette. Kosciuszko (Polish American Revolution volunteer). Simon Bolivar. Lincoln Memorial. Paintings from the American War of Independence. A First World War memorial. A Liberty bell tolls. Pictures from the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. The Washington Monument. The White House. The Capitol. The Statue of Liberty.
The 'slave world' - focus on the dark Earth. A map of Japan, spreads over with blood. Same with the map of Germany. Same with the map of Italy. Mussolini. Blackshirts 'march' on Rome in 1922. Pictures of soup kitchens in Italy, crowds of people queuing for food. Fascists driving through the streets. Mussolini in top hat and tails watching as they salute him. Hitler walks through a crowd of people waving swastikas and giving the Nazi salute. Images of Deutschmarks to symbolise the hyper inflation of the early 1920s in Germany. The German army marches past President Hindenburg. Soldiers being inspected by the president. Hitler at a photocall with Germany's wealthy industrialists. The Emperor of Japan salutes his army. Comparison of demagogues that are Hitler, Mussolini and the Japanese Emperor Hirohito? Controlling the crowds. Powerful crowd scenes in Nazi Germany. Fascist soldiers stand orderly beside the Coliseum in Rome. Close up of a line of blackshirts. German soldiers. Japanese soldiers. Map of Japan turns into a black dragon. Germany into a swastika. Italy into an axe - all the symbols of the regimes. Montage of Hirohito, Hitler and Mussolini - the faces of Fascism. Hitler gives a powerful speech which is then greeted with cries of "Heil Hitler!". Mussolini's speech. Crowds cry "Duce! Duce!". The Japanese cry "Banzai ! Banzai !". Picture of the Reichstag in Berlin, the House of Deputies in Rome, the Diet building in Tokyo. Hitler speaks to the Reichstag, members stand and give the salute. Italian deputies applaud Mussolini.
Nazi proclamation forbidding the assembly of any more than five people. A copy of Volkischer Beobachter. Plaque of the Reichministry for Propaganda with the background of a cinema, radio and Josef Goebbels. A panel of Nazi judges. Workers dig trenches overseen by Nazi officers, workers stop and give the officer the salute. An SS man bangs on a door with the barrel of his rifle. Copies of Mein Kampf with Hitler on the cover. A meeting of Fascio di Combattimento, soldiers hold up daggers in unison! Copy of the New York Times on 5 July, 1934 describing the Night of the Long Knives when Hitler ordered the murder of leading Nazi officials. Film of a man being shot as a picture of von Hindenburg comes into focus. The Evening Star on June 16, 1934 detailing the murder of Giacomo Matteoti, the Socialist leader, by the Fascists. Film sequence showing a pistol being shot then a man being dumped from a car. The Sun newspaper on February 27, 1936 reporting the murder of Viscount Saito by a "Tokyo Army Clique". Roehm, leader of the SA, is murdered writes one news article. General Watanabe, Inspector General of Military Education, slain by young rebels, states another.
View of a Gothic Cathedral in Germany. German worshippers make the sign of the cross. A stained glass window has a brick thrown through it, to reveal a picture of Hitler in the background. Doctor Alfred Rosenburg, the Chief of the Political Bureau gives a speech at the Nuremburg Congress in 1938 on the need to eliminate the Catholic and Protestant Church in Germany. A cross is removed from the top of a church and replaced by a swastika. A synagogue is desecrated in Berlin, 1934. The ruined Church of Our Lady, Landau on July 12 1939. News article reports how Nazis stormed the palace of Cardinal Faulhaber, Niemoeller is sent to a prison camp, Pastor Wiesler apparently commits suicide whilst in prison awaiting trial. Goebbels speaks about Nazism as a religion. Julius Streicher, publisher of "Der Sturmer" speaking in July 1935. Propaganda film of a German classroom giving a Nazi salute and proclaiming "Adolf Hitler is our saviour, our hero…For Hitler we die". Italian schoolchildren salute a picture of "Il Duce!". Japanese schoolchildren also salute. Sequence showing children from the three states on processions. Impressive sequence of soldiers marching, from Germany and Italy. Back to the two globes.
The Capitol Building. The Washington Disarmament Conference, 1921 where it was agreed to reduce the size of the British, American, French, Italian and Japanese fleets. The London Naval Treaty. A battleship is destroyed. Map of the U.S. showing downsizing of the army in the inter war period. Women on floats dressed as Liberty, anti war protests. Pathe newsreel entitled, "If War Starts in Europe" - street survey. Mixbag of Americans saying No! to intervention in a European war. Sequence showing how the U.S. dealt with the social problems that were also plaguing Europe - ie. Lawfully and democratically. A new headline reports a new social security law, new pensions, electricity cables being erected, a public works programme, a motorway system. A dam. Electricity pylons. New York Times, 19 March 1921, headline writes on senators opposing the League of Nations. Various presidential election campaign meetings. Contrast to Germany where can only vote for Hitler - a poster of the Fuhrer, someone marks a ballot paper with Adolf Hitler on it. Variety of political books on Roosevelt, Hitler and Stalin in an American book store. Book burning in Germany. A church choir in America. Close up of boys singing. A baby tries to walk. Small children on a see-saw. Girl on a climbing frame. Boys on a slide. A girl on a swing. A girl in school, painting a road with trees and houses. A small boy retrieves his ball from the pond. Other boys playing in the school field. Sequence of children playing. Cut to German schoolchildren playing on cannons and being taught how to load and clean them. In Japan, a boy with straw on his hat for camouflage takes aim with a rifle. Italian children practice an attack, fall to the ground and put on gas masks. American schoolchildren place money in a donations box for the Japanese earthquake fund.
A smiling Hitler. Mussolini and Hitler inspect a parade of soldiers. Very powerful of Adolf Hitler giving a speech - forceful, emotive. Profiles of leading Nazis - Hess, Goering, Goebbels, Dietrich, Frank, Todt, Reinhardt, Darre, Ley. Kurusu? Meets Hitler (Japanese PM perhaps?). Germans sign an agreement with Japanese staking territorial claims. Map showing Italy and Libya, and then Mussolini's claims to Corsica, Nice, Savoy, Albania, Ethiopia and a corridor linking her with Libya. Further blackening of area that was the Roman Empire ie. All of Europe, north Africa and Anatolia. Reinvents idea of "Mare Nostrum" (Our Sea) for the Mediterranean. Map of the Far East with Japanese Empire that includes Formosa, Korea, Sakhalin. Tanaka memorial spells out Japanese intentions to conquer China and then the world ie. Manchuria, China, Indo-China, Siam, Burma, India, the East Indies, Australia, New Zealand and eastern Russia, then eventually into the Americas from the north and the south. Map of Europe with Germany highlighted, expansion will branch out to whole of Europe and Russia (clash with Mussolini?) into Arabia, the Middle East, the Sub-continent and throughout Africa, across to South America, up into Greenland and into North America (US propaganda perhaps?), leaving only Shangri-la says the commentary!!
View of Admiral Yamamoto, Commander in Chief of the Japanese Navy. Japanese sailors listen intently. View of the Capitol from Pennsylvania Avenue with a montage of Japanese soldiers. Cartoon of a radio transmitter crying "Lies! Lies!". Another says "Lebensraum" and another "Spazo!". A woman is awarded a medal for bearing the most sons. German couples in a mass marriage ceremony - part of social policy. A table filled with newborn babies, a trolley is pushed up to the table with a line of more babies. Social engineering
Mussolini looking belligerent. Diagram of the German military budget. A procession of German tanks. Line of armoured cars. The Luftwaffe flies overhead. A battleship. American newspapers with headlines of how much Roosevelt was spending on rearmament. A dagger strikes Manchuria, dated 18 September, 1931. A steam train. Bombed railway line. The Japanese flag. Japanese gunfire on Chinese barracks at Mukden. View of the cavalry. Images of the invasion of Manchuria - armoured vehicles with soldiers on board, ride into a town. Secretary of State, Stimson, speaks. Five- strong committee of the League of Nations headed by Lord Lytton? Lytton speaking and denounces Japanese invasion of Manchuria.
The League of Nations building in Geneva. The delegate from Japan steps up to speak. When he finishes, he and the rest of his delegation walk out. A book, ticking off of Phase I from the Tanaka plan, the Conquest of Manchuria. Close up of Phase II, the Conquest of China. Battleships bombing the port of Shanghai. People of Shanghai flee their homes. Aeroplanes fly overhead. Bombs go off. Dead bodies lie on the streets of the city. A woman weeps. A sign indicating Shanghai South with bombing in the background. Disturbing image of a child lying dead under a pile of rubble. A woman cries by the body of her baby. Invasion on the coast of Shanghai. Excellent footage of Shanghai bombing. Very good image of soldiers marching along the Great Wall of China.
View of an Ethiopian town. Abyssinia. The only Ethiopian fighter plan. Contrast with a whole Italian airforce. Italian battleships. Map featuring Wal Wal where first incident in Abyssinian War takes place in October 1935. Army boards the ship. Suez Canal. Ethiopian Emperor speaks before the League of Nations. Ethiopian soldiers.
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