War + Military | 1940 | Sound | B/W
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World War Two analysis from U.S.A. perspective.
Use of historical reconstruction in American history. Second World War. Very fast cut and some studio shots. Close up of children, then wider shot of lots of children. pledging allegiance to the flag of America. Close up of American flag with 48 stars. American soldiers using flame throwers in the jungles of New Guinea. An American gun crew not wearing shirts. A sea plane landing in the Aleutian Islands. Pacific Island fighting. Pilot of heavy American bomber wearing oxygen mask. Mid-fuselage machine gunner in bomber firing gun. German fighter plane has wing shot off and somersaults.
Troops in jeeps in Burma. Soldiers skiing in Iceland. Troops leaving landing craft in Philippines, filmed from shore.
American troops in half-track vehicles in Iran. Troop planes from which paratroopers are parachuting over France. American and Chinese troops marching in China. Soldier looks through binoculars in Italy. Fighting in an olive grove. Tank passes through woods.
Somepoint in the films shows Plymouth Rock and a rough sea.
Double exposure effect of soldiers marching over scenes of American life - mid-west prairies, southern cotton field, Manhattan, a factory, New York, Los Angeles. Close up of different soldiers. Some chew gum. One uses binoculars. Medical doctor wears mask. Soldier fits bayonet to rifle. Soldiers climbing down nets on side of ship into landing craft. Landing craft approaching Pacific Island as explosions happen. Soldiers landing on D-Day. One appears to be shot. Statue of Liberty in close up. Waves break on rocky shore. American coastline. History of America - Plymouth Rock. Man clearing land and cutting down trees. A hut. A church. The American Revolution. Statue of Thomas Jefferson. Reconstruction of 1775. British soldiers charging on battlefield. 1776, 1777 American colonists tramp through snow. 1781 stills of Yorktown. Constitution "We the people" Flag with 13 stars - the original states. The Ohio river. Mississippi. Colonists and wagon train on prairie. Mules pulling wagon. Wagons pulled through river. Map of United States gradually fills in before our eyes as states are added to the U.S.A. Statue of Liberty from the air.
Reconstruction of early settlers building homes - carrying logs, working wood. They are English, Scotch (sic), a Dutch blacksmith. Italians working in sulphur mine of Louisiana. The railway leading to the sulphur mine. The French and Swiss in the vineyards of California. Danes and Norwegians sowing corn. Swede "seeding the good earth". Polish and Welsh coal miners wearing miners' hats. Blacks or negroes harvesting cotton in the south. Mexican working on oil well. Cowboys herding cattle. Greek, Portuguese fishermen using fork to sort fish. German puts eye glass to his eye. Hungarian and Russian heavy industrial workers, Irish, Slav and Chinese working on railroad construction. Close ups of oxen hitting tree trunks. Farrier shoeing horse. Hammering nails into railway sleeper. "Puffing Billy" type of railway engine. Man tying telegraph wire to post. Train in countryside. Moving sheep. cattle in pens. Pig farming. Many teams of horses ploughing land side by side. Harvesting tobacco. Black hauling bale of cotton. Spinning cotton yarn. Weaving loom. Old fashioned paddle steamer. (Side paddle). early car. Wright Brothers aeroplane. Tractors on land. Many combine harvesters at work together. Coal mine drilling. Oil drill, oil well blows. Train passes camera. Steel works - use of large hammer. Smoky industrial town. Scientist in white coat. Dynamiting a quarry rock face. Diggers scoop up earth. earth moving equipment. Bridge construction - maybe the Tennessee valley Authority. large dam. several electricity pylons. Close ups of hands throwing electrical switches. City lit up at night. gas storage tank. Train in countryside. Construction - man riding on girder as it is carried along. large suspension bridge. Close up of rivet gun.
Skyscraper under construction. Aerial view of skyscrapers. Tracking shot alongside military cemetery. Tracking shot along American street showing crowds on pavement.
People working - heavy industrial workers walking home. In hay field, man uses fork to lift hay on to cart. Men typing. Lightning rod on top of building. Close up of hand using telegraph machine. Doctor and nurse in operating theatre. Newspaper presses rolling. Man wears mask as he does electric welding.. Men stand on submarines as they move through sea near to shore. American airliner with four propellers. Man manipulates X-ray tube. Gyroscope compass. A Singer sewing machine in operation. Television set with woman dancing on the screen. Farmer and boy in a cow milking shed. cat looks longingly at milk churn. Office full of draughtsmen. Hand uses pair of compasses to draw circle. Busy street full of cars. Dual carriageway. car park full of identical cars. Street cleaning lorry. Operating theatre with view looking down. External shot of hospital. Patients being attended by doctors and nurses. Nurse picks baby up from cot full of babies. Unsmiling babies on slow-moving roundabout. Little girls eating. Mother kisses three year old daughter. Kindergarten school. Nine year olds at school. Public school. .Private school. Trade school. High school. College.
Recreation of soldiers: duck flying in air is shot and it lands in pond. Different scenery with men fishing - from bank, in river, from boat. Birds migrating in huge numbers. American football game with good run by running back. Baseball, baseman and runner collide at base. Horse racing on dirt track. Men's hurdles race. Rodeo with man thrown from bucking bronco. Basketball - man dribbles, shoots and scores. Line of men taking a golf swing on a driving range. Line of bowlers bowling in an alley. Child plays marbles. Hand provokes frog or toad into hopping out of a circle. Mass of people ski-ing. Skier jumps directly over our heads. Slow motion of female diver diving off sprig board at "Beverly Hills Hotel". Two speed boats race by camera. Two women doing a form of water-skiing. Man in small motor boat falls out of boat as it lands after going over a jump. People wearing ice skates hold giant kites and glide along on ice.
Boxing match where man is knocked down. Motor racing on a banked track. One car clips another and crashes with driver and co-driver falling out. Close up of selection of maps of parts of America. Large steam train travelling in snow in countryside. The restaurant car inside train. Car pulling caravan in countryside. State sign "Arizona welcomes You". Motor cycle policemen pull car over to side of road. Motel.
FOOD. Older majorette takes drink with straws from tray - roadside cafe. Advert for a "hot dog and a glass of beer". Billboard for "cheeseburgers with the works". Quick sandwich making, steak and eggs frying in a pan. Close up of hands taking cup of coffee from coffee machine. Close up of "Coca Cola" bottle being opened by fixed bottle opener with "Coca Cola" on it. Fast food preparation - quick shots. Automatic pancake making and turning. Sandwich placed on plate. Eight-slice toaster with eight pieces of toast popping up. Pancake machine. Automatic presentation of plate. Sugar dispenser poured onto teaspoon over cup. Hand mops worktop. Two women sitting at counter finish food and wipe their mouths with napkins.
Membership badges of clubs. Neon sign says NBC Studios. hand turns dial on radio. Montage of different radios. car radio being tuned. Portable radio (about the size of a car battery) being carried down street. Jukebox putting record on. Close up of woman's pop-socked feet and man's feet tapping. Big band and dancehall with crowded dance floor. Older couple dancing. The Hollywood Bowl (?) Black trumpeter. Girls' marching drum band. Newspaper presses rolling. Newsagent with racks of magazines on sale. Many newspaper mastheads. Book shop with crowded shelves. Comics - "Flash Gordon", "Dick Tracy". Montage of churches - The Chinese First Presbyterian Church, Finish Lutheran Church, Filipino Christian Church and Fellowship, Armenian Church, Jewish Synagogue, Self-Realization, Church of All Religions. American election booth. Main street shop. Nice shots on "We make mistakes" - word "Prohibition" appears over House of Congress or Representatives with politicians applauding. making illicit drink in a bath. Many many rows of bottles of moonshine. Words read "Prohibition repealed", "We learn from mistakes" is spoken. Man reads tickertape. Tickertape machine falls on the ground. "We build for the future".
CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY: large bucket dangles from crane. Freeway interchanges shot from air. Apartment blocks. People exiting from subway. People in church. Congregation sits down. Congregation seated with bowed heads, praying. Nun in close up. Altar - pan up to Jesus on the Cross. Cars on road, driving along. Holiday beach. Dead soldier in field. Dead soldier floating in water.
Actual footage of 1917, First World war. Several big guns firing, including one which moves backwards (it must be on tracks). Fake (?) footage of American soldiers going over the top. Bi-planes in formation. Panning across no-man's land. Tanks. Field gun firing. Explosions. Words say "Armistice Day Nov 11 1918" over picture of cheering crowds. Tickertape parade. Dancing in streets. God footage. Newspaper in crowd reads "War Echo". Caricature of Kaiser in crowd.
American parliament. Americans destroying their own ships - explosions on two ships.
1920's Paris street scenes and pavement cafes. Quick shots of Asia - Japan and South East Asia. people with metal rings round their necks dancing (Burma ?) pagoda. In America, boys play baseball.
In 1931, Manchuria invaded by Japan. Japanese soldiers advancing under their flag. Officer looks through binoculars. Victorious troops march into Manchurian town. Manchurians tied up. Japanese soldiers drape flag from rooftop. Vignette of U.S. Secretary of State over newspaper headline. America's domestic situation pre-eminent - work problems. Locked factory gates. National Guard on streets. Public orator. Soup kitchen. faked shot of Chicago gangster-style drive-by shooting. machine gun fires and four men are shot - good film. Stream of cars leaving Dust Bowl Oklahoma (?). farmer plays with baby. Stage with American High School graduation taking place. In street, man takes newspaper out of rubbish bin, trash can. Close up of newspaper "Daily Mirror" "Hitler in Power". Night-time Berlin. Marching Nazi crowds carry a few flags. German Chancellor and Hitler on podium. Neon sign reads "Heil Hitler". Fireworks. Nazi rally. Hitler at rally watching Nazi troops. American High School dance. man sits in deckchair in back garden. Newspaper headline from 1935 "Mussolini attacks Ethiopia". Waves of bi-planes fly overhead. Bombs fall from plane. Ethiopian bangs drum. Emperor Haile Selassie. His army. Machine guns. Fighting.
Caption shows us Senator Hiram Johnson of California speaking in Congress. U.S. passed neutrality Act. American lawyers wave young sailor off in a car. Filmed from behind a cinema audience watches newsreel of 1936 "Civil War in Spain". The Spanish Civil War. Men walking forward with rifles lowered. Italian and German bombing. Man throws bomb. Explosion. People flee. Effects of bombed cities. Man runs to aid injured child. Children in rubble carry toy scooter. Girl crying. Refugees. Mother warms hand on open fire and places it on child's leg and bare foot. Franco gets off train and shakes hand of Hitler. The American Institute of Public Opinion - The Gallup Poll. Public opinion interviews in workplace, in home - men interview citizens and record results in notebooks. Screen question - should Americans become involved in a European war, 95% "No".
1937 Newspaper office - News agency report -"Japanese launch all out China War". Japanese warships. Japanese sailor signals semaphore. Ships fire guns. Point of view as plane drops bombs. Explosions on ground in Chinese town. People running. Dead Chinese civilians. Dead bodies loaded on to lorry and driven off. American port, cranes. Magnetic scrap metal carrier drops scrap. Loading Japanese ships, because Japan hasn't declared war! Hitler and Goering smile. British and French signatories sign away Sudetanland in Czechoslovakia. Hitler saluting as he travels in open-topped car and stands up.
End of Part 1.
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