Film: 6051

War + Military | 1940 | Silent | B/W

Synopsis:

First aid training film during World War Two.
Intertitle - "Ministry of Home Security Training Film : Life-Saving First Aid". Intertitle - "We may not all be qualified first aiders but we should all know certain simple essentials of first aid, for example, the methods of stopping severe bleeding and of applying artificial respiration, which, if promptly and properly applied, may save life". Intertitle - "The Brown family takes a Sunday afternoon walk". A sunny day, a wide country road flanked by trees. A man with his wife and daughter stroll along hand in hand. The women wear light summer dresses. Intertitle - "Likewise the Jones family". A man and his wife and daughter walk along the road from the other direction. They stop and the man points up to the sky, the Browns do the same. A plane flies above the trees in the air. The Browns begin to run. They stop and see the plane crash into the ground. The Brown's daughter falls to the ground and her parents run to her side. Her arm is bleeding heavily. They shake her and Mrs Brown starts crying. Mr Brown drags his daughter to the side of the road. A car pulls up and an ARP warden gets out. He checks the girl's pulse and listens to her heart. She lies motionless on the ground. He checks his watch and opens her eyelids. His helmet reads "SP". Another warden walks the mother away from her daughter while his colleague tends to her. Intertitle - "Mr Jones understands simple first aid and keeps his head. He does not move the patient, but stops oncoming traffic and controls the bleeding on the spot". The Jones are also tending to their daughter who is lying on the ground. Her mother wraps a bandage around her arm. A car arrives and several wardens bring a stretcher over. Intertitle - "Everyone should know the elementary treatment of: 1) Severe bleeding, 2) Shock, 3) Suffocation, 4) Burns, 5) Gas poisoning, 6) Fractures. Bleeding: Severe bleeding must at once be dealt with, otherwise it may quikly prove fatal. In most cases bleeding is best stopped by at once applying to the wound a clean pad of folded cloth (e.g. a hankerchief) and bandaging tightly. Bandages are best made from the triangles of cloth formed by cutting diagonally a square of clean cloth with sides about 40 inches long". A woman unfolds a piece of cloth at a table and begins to cut it into two triangles. Intertitle - "Folded twice, the triangle makes a broad bandage". The woman folds some more. Intertitle - "Folded three times the triangle makes a narrow bandage, which is easily made into a pad". The woman folds the cloth into a compact squre. Intertitle - "Bleeding can be lessened by getting the patient to sit down or preferably to lie down. If possible, the affected part should be raised above the level of the heart". A small room with a desk, a man is slumped against a chair clutching his bleeding leg. An older man enters and helps him to lie down. He pulls over a chair and elevates the man's leg onto the chair. He takes a hankerchief from his pocket and ties it around the wound. Intertitle - "Reef knots (which do not slip) must always be used in tying bandages, and the ends of the bandages should be tucked in". Another man enters the scene and takes over care of the wounded man. Intertitle - "Until a pad and bandage can be applied, bleeding should be controlled by direct pressure on the wound with a CLEAN hand or finger. In many cases, the patient can do this himself". A woman sits by a window at a desk in pain. Another woman comes over to her and gets her to place her hand over her injury on her other arm. She bandages her arm and puts it in a sling. Intertitle - "If a clean pad is not available, it is a good plan to put a layer of CLEAN paper (e.g. tissue paper or note paper or the inside of the envelope) between the wound or the pad or bandage". A man and a woman sit at a table eating. Their daughter runs into the room distressed and shows them her cut hand. They tend to her by wrapping a bandage over her hand. Intertitle - "Bleeding from the palm of the hand can be stopped by closing the hand round a clean pad and bandaging firmly". A woman at a table bandages another woman's hand. Intertitle - "When bleeding is from a wound in or across the stomach, the knees should be raised up and, if there is no protusion of internal organs, the wound should be covered with a dry dressing or a clean towel or sheet". A woman lies on the floor with a large horizontal wound on her stomach. A woman tends to her and a man enters with a bowl. Intertitle - "If there is a protusion of internal organs, the dressing should first be rinsed through a warm solution of salt and water (one teaspoonful to one pint of water)". Close-up of a woman putting water and salt into a bowl and rinsing the bandage in it. She places it over the injured woman's wound. Intertitle - "Gentle but firm pressure should be kept on the dressing until help arrives and the wound can be bandaged up". Intertitle - "If an abdominal wound runs lengthwise, and there is no protusion of internal organs, the legs must be kept straight". A man lies on the floor with a vertical wound on his stomach and one knee up. A woman enters and straightens his leg.


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