History | 1960 | Sound | B/W
Spanish influence in South America. Spanish rule in Mexico villages old celebrations, nobles and soldiers, university of Mexico, cattle, hide tanning, mining for silver, can production, turkey farming, catholic church. English commentary.
Spain In The New World
Colonial Life in Mexico
Representation of Colonial Life in Mexico.
Map of Mexico with 'NEW SPAIN' imprinted.
Map of Central (including Islands of the Caribbean) and South America showing the dominions of the Spanish Empire. Map of the Islands of the Caribbean with Columbus imprinted. Then marks in Hispaniola (present-day Dominican Republic and Haiti), Cuba and Puerto Rico. Map of Florida with Ponce de Leon imprinted.
Commentary tells us that Columbus arrived to San Salvador in 1492 and by 1500 to Espanola, Cuba and Puerto Rico. Then in 1511 they reclaimed Florida.
Map of Panama with Balboa imprinted.
Commentary tells us Balboa (Vasco Núñez de Balboa) getting to Panama isthmus discovering the Pacific Ocean.
Map of Chile with Magallan imprinted. The passage to the Pacific in the very south of South America is the Strait of Magellan.
Commentary: 1520, Magellan discovered the passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
Map of Mexico with Cortez imprinted
Commentary: 1521, Cortez conquered the Aztecs of Mexico.
Map of Peru with Pizarro imprinted
Commentary: Ten years later Pizarro conquered Peru
General Map of North and South America
Commentary: Spain has leave a mark…
General view of Mexican village. Several shots of village with people passing by. Main square ( Plaza of San Roque) of village with lots of people gathered.
Representation of the life during colonial times:
Actors dressed in costumes arrived to the square. Spanish family (land owners), native Mexicans (worker of the hacienda), priest and nuns, soldiers (Spanish and Indian blood, known as mestizo) of the viceroy on horses.
Hacienda de San Gabriel. Life of the Spanish people in the Hacienda. Great wealth. Salon dancing. Women sewing in the garden. Men in university. Overseer (mestizo) and land owner (Spanish) working in the accounts. Artist and craftsmen (mestizos) with the land owner.
Mexican Indians working the land (cheap labour). Spanish master and overseer talking to peasant. Cattle. Silver mines: Mexican Indians working. Spanish checking the silver. Life of Mexican Indians ( house, family, work). Donkey. Cows. Goats. Horse. Orange trees. Sugar cane plantation. Rice. Wheat fields.
Commentary: Spanish brought beasts of burden, cows, goats, horses, orange trees, sugar cane, rice, wheat.
Corn fields. Tortillas. Family gathered and woman making and serving tortillas. Preparation of tortillas. Tomatoes. Turkeys.
Commentary: Instead corn fields… tortillas. Tomatoes. Turkey.
Village street with man walking. A couple of men talking outside a front entrance. Oxen.
Commentary: Feudal system…
Mexican Indians going to church.
Commentary: the converted…
Spanish in their private chapels. Praying.
Commentary: The Spanish prayed for the conversion of the Indians into Christianity
Interior Church: priest converting the Mexican Indians into Christianity (catequismo).
Exterior: Priest talking to Mexican Indians.
Priest teaching two Indian Mexicans to cut stone (sculpture).
Exterior of several Churches.
Square with church. Friar reading in monastery. Indian Mexican and oxen. Square with people.
Commentary: Nothing has changed…tradition of New Spain remains… monastery with friars… Indian working the land… and people stroll in the Plaza on Sundays.
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