Newsreels + Film Magazines | 1950 | Sound | B/W
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Various newsreel footage detailing events from the first half of the twentieth century. Historical happenings and famous people and celebrities of the times. Also a few social pursuits and scenes. Lots of royalty. Events are as follows:
Opens with silent Gaumont British News titles with a town crier type figure in the middle of a split screen showing royal parades and military marches, Title is superimposed Gaumont British News – then sporting scenes appear in the split screen,
Hundred of balloons float in the air, 1950 in large numbers is superimposed over balloons cascading down over a crowd to celebrate the new year – chimes of bells are heard and the crowd is seen being festive, Balloons fall through the air . The chimes of big Ben are heard as the assembled crowds continue to make merry under the balloons. The National Anthem “God Save the Queen” is heard as party-goers celebrate. A voice-over in the clipped tones of the time says that the New Year has begun, the half way point of the twentirth century – we see a large hall where merrymakers are celebrating – some elevated on a kind of tableau – we are told we will turn back the pages to 1900. Fade to black.
We see a carriage pass by with crowds gathered to watch – it is a royal procession and we can just see the elderly Queen Victoria in the first horse drawn carriage. A street scene with the words “Old London” – and an open topped omnibus, pulled by horses passes by – people on the top deck carry open parasols – several omnibuses pass one another in front of a old church type building – other smaller horse drawn wagons are also seen.
We then pass to the age of speed and see an ancient motor car –open topped – drive by as people watch from the pavement.
An open topped royal landau now drives past gathered crowds – it contains King Edward VII and his wife – the king salutes – the carriage is escorted by horse guards with their plumed helmets. King Edward “the peacemaker” is now seen in naval uniform on board a ship (portholes visible) – we are told he is with King Victor Emmanuel of Italy – they shake hands and the Italian king bows – a naval officer stands adjacent watching.
Moving on to aviation we see one of the vey first aircraft – and open strutted bi-plane with its pilot preparing to fly. The plane is seen from behind as it runs forward on the ground – voice over tells us the Wright Brothers flew the first heavier than air machine in Kittyhawk, Carolina – the aircraft takes off. We see the aircraft now flying towards us.
Louis Bleriot is seen in his aircraft, running quickly over a grass runway in 1909 – the undercarriage resembles large bicycle wheels and we see Bleriot in leather flying hat and goggles at the controls. We see the Bleriot plane flying over land.
1910 and we see a shop front in London – a grocer’s shop with tea and coffee advertised in the window – a soldier stands in the doorway aiming his rifle – another soldier stands next to the shop next door – voice over says this is the Sydney street siege. On a street corner are crowds of people with many policemen with rifles in evidence – amongst them is a young Winston Churchill in a top hat. The same group from behind with the Sydne Street shops seen across the road – Winston Churchill, the then home secretary.
Two large cars of the period in Germany as Kaiser Wilhelm alights from the first car dressed in a large cloak – he is helped by an adjutant who takes his cloak – then the Kaiser’s spouse, Augusta Victoria follows dressed in voluminous clothes and an enormous hat – they are greeted by officials. The Kaiser and his wife walk along outside an official building with the officials.
The Coronation coach of George V moves through a London street watched by thronging crowds – people wave from a balcony behind.
Now at the Derby of 1913 we see race horses approaching a bend and Emily Davison comes from behind the barriers and is crushed by the King’s horse. We see the jockey lying on the ground with riderless horse walking nearby – onlookers rush onto the course to give aid to the injured parties.
Soldiers march in the Mall at the start of the Great War in 1914 - crowds watch. General Kitchener in army uniform talks to another officer. Versailles 1919 – an ornate and crowded room as the Peace Treaty to end the war is being signed. Outside Versailles we see President Wilson of the U.S, Lloyd George, Prime Minister of Great Britain and Clemenceau of France – crowds cheer in the background.
An aircraft is seen which has nose-dived in the ground – we are told that Alcock and Brown became the first men to fly the Atlantic. In the U.S. a jubilant Arthur Whitten Brown holds up a mailbag that has crossed the ocean with him – a female police officer cheers at his side and he is surrounded by a crowd. One of the pilots with presumably his wife sits in an open top car ready for a triumphant parade. The car containing Alcock and Brown makes its way through jostling crowds – some raise their arms to cheer – policemen keep guard – many of the British crowd in straw boaters.
A spinning 78prm record on a turntable. The legs of can can dancers in black stockings and suspenders. The can can dancers lift up their skirts and dance around during the roaring twenties. Their legs are seen with skirts held up. A barge at a lock on a canal - on board are people dancing – on the side of the canal crowds are lined up watching – an elderly man in a naval hat stands watching the barge – some flappers are seen dancing together on the deck.
A female model wears an elegant dress of the 1920’s with dropped waist – she holds a book in one hand and poses. A woman in silk hat turns and looks over her shoulder smiling broadly – she holds a feather pen in her hand – make up and hair very typical of 1920’s – this is (recognised personality), Clara Bow, the American actress.
A woman stands in a doorway looking back over her shoulder – she is wearing a 1920’s swimsuit and she is carrying a silver trophy. On a beach a woman parades around in an extrovert fashion displaying her swimsuit – other bathers line up behind and watch her antics. A group of women in swimsuits is apprehended by “the am of the law” – because of the daring nature of their swimsuits, we are told – the women approach camera and smile broadly looking very pleased with themselves.
A lawn tennis match in the 1920’s as two women play watch by a small crowd at Wimbledon– they wear long white dresses.
Turning film reels on an old film projector. A desert scene from a 1920’s film – two horses gallop over the sand with just one palm tree seen in the background - the rider of one of the horses leaps over and assails the second rider – riders dressed as Arabs – this is very probably from the 1920 film starring Rudolph Valentino: “The Sheik”. Rudolph Valentino dressed as the Sheik embraces his love interest, played by Agnes Ayres. 1920’s film star, (recognised personality), Mary Pickford in a ragged dress sits on a swing in one of her movies.
1924 – a royal procession of mounted cavalry at the Wembley exhibition – crowds watch the Kind arrive. King George V in bowler hat sit in a carriage on the miniature railway – he tries to persuade a toddler to share a coach with him but the boy demurs and is taken out - alittle girl in cloche hat takes his place and sits opposite the king – other men surround them smiling – the station master signals and the train moves off - we see Queen Mary in a carriage behind.
1934 –shots from the assassination of Kind Alexander of Yugoslavia in Marseilles – we first see the King in the back of an open topped car. The car is seen over the shoulder of a photographer as soldiers and then policeman rush to the car to apprehend the gunman – confusion in the crowd, some of whom have sprawled on the pavement. A gun barrel as carried by a soldier of policeman at the scene. The body of the dead King Alexander is seen lying back in the car, his eyes open.
A row of telephonists, all women, The first newsreel pictures sent across the world by radio are seen – they are of (recognised personality), C.W.A. Scott, the winner of the 1934 London to Melbourne Air Race and his co-plot Tom Campbell Black, who is taking a drink.
1935 – King George V in military uniform accompanied by Queen Mary seat themselves in an open topped carriage during the celebration of their Silver Jubille. Faces in profile of King George V and Queen Mary. The young Princesses Elizabeth and Margaret watch from some stone steps. The open topped carriage accompanied by pages and horse guards moves off.
1936 – foggy shot of the Houses of Parliament.
Edward VIII – later the Duke of Windsor – stands in a book lined study with a stone fireplace behind him – he wears a lounge suit and tie . Crowds of men in hats stand on a London pavement as the abdication crisis deepens – traffic moves in the background.
King Edward VII addresses the nation. We seen the typewritten abdication document of Edward the Eighth as we hear the King’s voice reading his abdication speech.
May 12th 1937 – scene from the coronation of King George VI - the crown is raised by the Archbishop of Canterbury (recognised personality), Cosmo Gordon Lang. We see the gathered assembly at the Coronation as the crown is placed on the King’s head.
King George VI rises from the coronation throne wearing the crown and carrying sceptres. Horses and carriage carrying the newly crowned king process through watching crowds on the streets of London – people cheer and wave.
1937 – the Hindenburg disaster – the airship in flames and explosions are seen – the airship crashes to earth – small figures an be seen running from the blazing ship.
1938 in Munich as Neville Chamberlain signs a supposed agreement with Hitler – we see Chamberlain signing a document as officials look on. Hitler (recognised personality) and Hermann Goring stand with Himmler and other Nazis looking pleased with themselves.
A billboard poster superimposed on an exterior shot of the Houses of Parliament – the poster announces the start of war.
Guns are fired from a ship at sea.
A sinking ship – trails of smoke seen – then the remains of the ship explodes.
A large plume of smoke over the sea – a small boat seen in the foreground.
On board a troop ship – a gun is manned by four sailors and we see many troops wading through the sea behind them at Dunkirk.
(Recognised personality), Winston Churchill smokes a cigar and raises his cap as soldiers gather round his vehicle and run following it as Churchill waves his hat in acknowledgement.
Burning ruins of a building during the London Blitz.
Churchill and President Roosevelt on board a ship as naval officers look on – Churchill hands Roosevelt a document.
A car parade with Adolf Hitler and Mussolini standing in the first open topped car – other cars follow behind as they travel down a crowded street as onlookers wave and perform the Nazi salute. Closer up we see Hitler and Mussolini standing in the car.
Mussolini’s body is seen hanging upside in Milan - other bodies are also raised up and crowds are gathered watching.
1945 – Winston Churchill in top hat gets out of an open topped carriage – he is accompanied by Clement Atlee at the Victory Parade.
Marching troops during the 1945 Victory parade in London – marching bands head the parade – flagpoles with Union Jacks line the route.
The explosion of an atom bomb seen from above at Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean – a mushroom cloud develops.
Flags of many nations hang from flagpoles at the newly formed United Nations.
Inside the United Nations we see assembled delegates.
November 1947– we see the wedding group at the wedding of Princess Elizabeth and Prince Philip – they pose for a group photograph - also visible are the Queen Mother, Queen Mary, Princess Margaret and King George VI.
Queen Mary, in black outfit, nurses the baby Prince Charles soon after his birth.
Back to celebrations of the New Year – night time.
Merrymakers in the dark at midnight.
More shots of the crowds, probably at Trafalgar Square.
The End caption – Gaumont British News.
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