Places + Locations | 1930 | Silent | B/W
A record of Palestine under the British Mandate post 1918. Haughty and patronising text showing the British attitudes to its colonies and empire.
" Allenby's army follows the route of the Ancient Egyptians - up the plain from the Gaza " armoured cars and jeeps crossing the desert. " On the other side of Jordan, the Arabs under Feisal and Lawrence moved up in support " reference to Lawrence of Arabia's influence in the area. Arab horsemen and mounted camels move fast across the desert in World War One. " In 1917 Jerusalem was captured. After the war it became a British mandate " map showing the carve up of the Middle East between the super powers of the time. The French mandate of Syria and Lebanon and Palestine, Tran Jordan and Iraq under the British. " To Britain the mandate brought many advantages " " An oil pipeline from Iraq to Haifa " shown on a map oilfields and oil tankers at the port of Haifa. " Aerodromes on the way to India " the airports of Palestine are shown on a map, an WW1 aircraft bi plane takes off. " Command of both banks of the Suez Canal with shipping. " Instead of the Turks, British officials administer the country " mounted escort of lancers. " The High Commissioner ". Military display in front of man with feathers in his hat. Mounted Arab regiments pas by in traditional headdress catteya. " The Commander in Chief " British military might on parade. March past in pith helmets. " The army assumes control of the Bedouin Tribes " Bedouin camp with large black tents in the desert. Armed truck passes in the foreground. British army in pith helmets and shorts, greeted by nomadic tribe leaders in front of their tents, they shake hands. " When once stood Roman legions, British Police now keep order ". Mounted police in a crowded market or souk. " in place of temple and mosques, an Anglican church houses the official religion ". A typically English Gothic style church in Palestine, clergymen, soldiers and men in top hats come out of the church porch. " Under British Administration, the inhabitants of Palestine, mostly Arabs, benefit. " Arabs building roads. Heavily armoured cars and jeeps travel up hair pin bends. " The peasants are taught modern farming ". Scything by hand, horse drawn wheat cutting or harvester, Threshing machine. " Experts help to cultivate the vines " European man teaching Arab farmer about grape cultivation. Grapes on the vine. " in the plains, orange groves became great industry ". Orange groves. Orange harvesting. Heavily veiled woman brings in a basket of oranges. Man sit packing oranges into boxes. Crates are nailed down. " The Arab port of Jaffa did a thriving trade ". The town of Jaffa . Hand rowing large wooden boats and barges in the harbour. A mass of wooden boats. " Jaffa has no deep water quay. Boatmen take the orange boxes out to sea " A barge in rough weather approaches an ocean liner. Boats bounce against the ship side. a winch of boxes are craned to the ship's hold, a man rides on top, Jaffa in the background." Education made great strides, developed both by church and state ". In the laboratory, wood working lessons, gymnastics over a horse, Sports day, Prize giving, running race, Arab children clap. " Arab Girls, whose mothers would spend their time under the veil, now uncover their faces at school ". Girls playing netball and receiving scrolls from a teacher. " Under British administration the state began to follow the churches' example". "Teachers were sent among the Bedouin". Arab children file into a tent and sit for lessons from an Arab teacher. A lesson book open. " Village schools were improved and enlarged " exercises in the yard. " In Jerusalem a college was founded on the lines of a British boarding school ". teacher in a fez with pupil at a blackboard. Male Arab students at desks, some in fez. In the dining room. Dormitory, a fun pillow fight. The teacher arrives. " The ruling class of Arabs become Europeanised and shares the administration ". Arab office clerk or official at a desk. Arab men in suits and fez. " Yet independence, which the Arabs believed that they had been promised to them, was refused by the British and threatened by the Jewish immigration " Jewish people arriving at the ports and going through customs. Young Jewish man with a large gun on his back. "Against this Jewish immigration, the Arabs rebelled."
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