History | 1960 | Sound | Colour
The French explorers.
The exploration of North America by Europeans, especially French explorers. Cartier, Cabot, La Salle, Champlain. The voyageurs and the importance of the fur trade. The role of missionaries in converting the native Americans. Mostly Paintings and stills.
Titles, ships like John Cabot's 'Matthew' with sails up sail on a rolling sea. Sailor's dressed in sashes and headkerchiefs , very buccaneerish, pull on a rope together in amongst the ropes and cleats on the deck of a ship.
A painting of a castle in amongst trees and gardens, very idyllic place. Another castle, very squarely laid out, the palace of Isabella and Ferdinand of Aragon and Castille of Spain. A painting of Isabelle and Ferdinand in the court, they are surrounded by people in ruffs or millstone collars with tight bodices, and men in short plants and capes, a man is bowing before them, Christopher Columbus. Another painting, three navigators clustered around a globe in the balcony of castle, then the tower and the sea outside the castle, with two ships in full sail moving out of the harbour. A picture of the pope at the time, Innocent VIII or Alexander the VI. Another painting, a monk holds up a cross in a forest surrounded by Spanish explorers on their knees holding banners and flags. Painting , A monk holds up a cross in front of a native American, probably one of the Aztec or Mayan rulers, who is bound to a stake, his arms tied behind him, with piles of wood at his feet a crowd of soldiers with raised arms in acclamation. Painting, John Cabot, or Giovanni Caboto, holding a map at a desk, with his son, Sebastian, in front of a table strewn with navigation instruments. Painting, a man in a large ruff with two young boys. The end of a ships deck, looking along the floor, ropes and wooden bars lie on the deck, the sea comes in and out of view as the ship moves up and down. A long boat pulls up along side the cow of the ship, men on the deck make it secure to the side. Painting, John Cabot, looks very similar to Henry VIII. The Matthew, Cabot's ship in which he sailed to Newfoundland. A river mouth, the banks are flat and bare of trees. Point of view of from the front of a ship, sea lions and seas surface in the water in front of the boat, moving towards a rocky cliff. Sea lions and elephant Seas? Waddle down to the sea on a rocky shore. Painting, Cabot's two ships in harbour in Newfoundland. Painting, Cabot looks down from the deck of a ship on the harbour filled with Native American canoes ( these would be Beothuk tribe) or Micmacs. Painting, a First nations man in a fur lion cloth stands in a canoe holding up a fur to the people on deck, another Indian holds the boat still with his paddle, the Europeans looks down from the safety of the ship's deck. Painting, American Indians look out of the trees hesitantly, both women and men. Drawing, Natives look on as European men construct a house. Painting Cabot stands beneath a cross with the coat of arms on them, Native Indians stand on the opposite side. Painting, the Matthew and two other ships in the St. Lawrence River. Men pulling on a rope, ankle deep in water. Painting, A man on his knees looking up at a man on a horse surrounded by retinue. Picture, a huge mass of people in some sort of royal ceremony. Painting 1603, a native Indian stands in his canoe waving a paddle. Painting, men on deck of a ship one points overboard. All paintings, the court under a canopy tent., men in tricorn hats leaning on barrels outside a coopers? , two men with long curled wigs one sitting looking at parchment, the other standing, sighting of two ships out at sea.
Map of Europe, France is marked with stripes, England with red and the Netherlands with orange, an arrow moves over to North America, going to different areas on the coast. 'X's appear in Florida, Virginia and Quebec. South America and Mexico appear in bright yellow. Painting, ship's gun fires. Painting, two ships at war, a naval battle, early settlers building, plans written in the ground are looked at by several people. Film! Snow blows over a barren and desolate landscape. Paintings, ships in full sail, the high bluff at Quebec in the St Lawrence river, a man reads a sextant, a European in a canoe with two natives, portaging around a waterfall, A native showing an explorer lake Ontario or Erie in the Great lakes, Explorers with natives on the shore of a lake, various painting of natives canoeing with Europeans. Film, a man in a canoe, far way. Moving down a river with the current, passing in front of a small waterfall. From the shore, two people bob up and down in their canoe as they float down the river. PO from behind the camera, flying low over a river. Moving through the brush of fern and trees. The map, striped red and white lines show the paths up the river that the explorers took, red shows the areas where the English settled, and orange where the Dutch were in New York. Various paintings of the missionaries who came to evangelise the Natives. Crosses on the map mark missions they established. The Mississippi basin is highlighted in white. Various paintings of the explorers travelling, priests baptising and men in wigs looking thoughtfully out windows. All of the St Lawrence and the Mississippi basin are blue and white striped for the French occupation. Dots mark fur outposts and settlements. Yellow and red mark the Spanish and English territories respectively. Aerial views over the scrub pine forests in northern Ontario. The Great Lakes? Horses pull a plough near the banks of a lake. Wheat waves in the breeze.
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