Industry + Work | 1950 | Sound | B/W
American film from 1950 portraying working women in the United States of America (U.S.A.), following four women with various jobs (a secretary, a lab assitant, a shop clerk, and a factory worker) and various personal responsibilities (a wife, a fiance, a single woman, and a daughter caring for her older parents). Narrator provides stereotypical 1950s viewpoints of women.
00:00:00 Opening credits
00:00:22 Close up view of a clock showing five o'clock (05:00 or 17:00) above an exit sign, camera pans right down to several women working in a row on machines in a factory, which the narrator suggests is an electric hearing aid factory, the camera focuses on one woman who is intently focused on her task. Close up of woman, with 1950's hairstyle and dress, who is using a small screwdriver or metal instrument to adjust a small hearing aid. Close up of factory woman, her name according to the narrator is Hazel Kennedy, who looks up from her work and around to her colleagues or coworkers, smiles, and starts to stands up. View of women in a factory seated at workbenches or workstations facing the camera, all busily finishing their work and packing up tin boxes. Close up of factory woman putting away her tools and tidying her bench, picks up tin box and stands up, leaving scene to the left of camera. Scene of women in 1950's dress facing a large mirror (away from camera yet their faces are reflect to the camera) brushing their hair, tidying up their appearance, applying lipstick. Close up of two women standing at a mirror, a women on the left applies dark lipstick, puts the lipstick in her handbag or purse, takes out a comb and begins combing her hair, all the while chatting to the woman standing next to her. Women clocking out at clocking out machine, one by one inserting their time slips into a machine. Exterior view of women leaving the Sonotone hearing aid factory (Sonotone Corporation) in Elmsford, New York, United States of America (U.S.A.).
00:01:28 Male bank teller or bank clerk, wearing suit and tie, sorts and stacks money by placing it into a wooden box behind wooden bars in a bank, camera pans to the right showing the interior of the bank and focuses on a woman secretary, Joan Morgan, who sits behind a large wooden desk, she stands up with her handbag or purse in her hand and puts on her coat, and begins to exit the desk area, with another woman sitting at a desk in the background. Close up of a businessman, (the Vice President of the bank) slightly balding and in suit and tie facing camera, sitting at a desk examining papers in a folder on his desk, he then checks the time on his pocket watch and stands up. Business man standing at his desk, places papers into a folder and adjusts his jacket coat and crosses scene to the left, walking to the desk of his female secretary in the same office space, facing away from the camera he talks with her as she sits at her desk and turns towards the camera, checks her watch, and they talk and smile as he leaves. Close up of woman secretary sitting at her busy desk to left of camera, as she sorts papers, takes a sheet of paper out of her typewriter and places it in the drawer of the desk, opens up her purse. Close up of secretary, with long dark hair, who applies lipstick while sitting at her desk, using a small mirror. Well dressed man casually walks or strolls towards camera, with busy street scene in background including an automobile and a woman walking away from camera on the pavement, he checks the time on his wristwatch on his left hand with his right hand in his pocket, he turns around and paces down the pavement as if waiting for someone to arrive. Office scene with imposing wooden desks, with a secretary and businessman working at a desks to left, the secretary from the previous scene enters from door in left background and takes her coat or jacket off a coat rack, and puts on her coat as she walks out of the office. (Narrator states "With no major responsibilities, girls like Joan use their jobs as lucrative intervals between school and marriage. Their incomes are seldom high, but then neither are their job ambitions.") Businessman strolls along pavement towards camera and checks the time on his pocket watch, with pedestrians and cars in background. Exterior of a bank, with businessman entering the scene from the right who turns and greets the secretary or woman who exits building and takes the hand of the businessman, presumably her boyfriend, and they hold hands, smile, and look at each other adoringly as they walk along city pavement from right to left of the scene.
00:02:45 Woman scientist or lab technician or lab assistant named Martha Hen wearing a lab coat in a scientific laboratory picks up white mice and place them, one by one, in an adjacent container then places a screen on the cover, picks up the covered box containing the mice, places the mice on a shelf, and turns to a sink (with back to camera) and washes her hand while a second woman passes in foreground and greets the lab technician, who finishes washing her hands, picks up a tin box, and exits the laboratory. Close up of exterior of an elevator in an office building which shows that the elevator is travelling from floor two to floor one, the camera pans down as the metal doors of the elevator open and a woman exits the elevator to the right of the scene while a scientist wearing a lab coat exits the elevator to the left, the camera follows the woman as she walks past the receptionist who is seated at a desk to the right of the frame. Reception area of a fancy or sophisticated office building, a young woman walks up several steps or stairs as a woman talks with the receptionist who is seated at her desk in the background.
00:03:35 Smartly dressed female shop retailer or retail assistant named Anne Maloney stacks boxes of ladies hosiery or nylons or pantyhose or tights at a lingerie shop desk with a model of a leg stands on the countertop to the left of the scene, the camera pans up to the shop assistant who places the boxes into the rows of boxes behind her and the camera pans to the right, following the shop assistant as she moves walks down the countertop and places additional boxes on the rows of boxes behind her, and as she walks up to two models or stands with ladies clothing on display. Montage close up of a woman using a cash register or till, pushing the buttons and opening the register and taking out large stacks of money or cash. Shopkeeper standing behind the counter at a nylon or hosiery shop takes her gloves and purse and exits the shop by walking around the counter and out of the door in the background, with street scene in view through the shop windows in the background. Close up of the female shopkeeper wearing pinstriped jacket and matching skirt at the exterior of the shop, closing the large glass door and bending down to lock the door with a key at the bottom of the door. Point of view close up of well-dressed woman driving a black and white Chrysler or Chevrolet American car driving on paved road towards camera, filmed from a moving vehicle who moves from the side to in front of the automobile. Male workers exiting a hardware factory through a fence, with metal tanks and building in background, one man walks out and looks from side to side. Street scene with a black and white car driving towards camera, with parked cars on either side of the street or lane with trees surrounding scene, the camera pans the car as it drives down the street to left of frame and pulls up in front of the hardware factory, the car stops to let the male factory worker, named Ed Kennedy, get into the car. Close up view of the man and woman sitting in a black and white automobile, with the woman at the driver's seat facing camera, they smile and talk with each other as he leans over to kiss or peck her on the cheek, they continue to laugh and talk to each other. Camera pans black and white car as it drives slowly away from the exterior of the hardware factory and down street lined with buildings and trees, moving away from camera.
00:04:55 Scene of a leafy American neigbourhood, with a black and white automobile driving up to a large wooden house with a garage and steps leading up to the entrance, the car stops in front of the house. Close up of a woman's hand honking the horn of a car, hitting her hand against the horn on the steering wheel. Two small children, one boy and one girl, run down the steps of the house to the awaiting car. Two small children, one boy with a buzz or crew cut wearing a striped shirt and a small girl with dress, excitedly approach the window of the passenger's side of a black and white car, a man in a hat opens the passenger side door and the two children clamber into the rear or backseat of the automobile. View of a black and white automobile driving away from an American house, presumably in an affluent suburb. Black and white car drives down a road towards camera in an American suburb, with uniformed houses and manicured lawns in foreground and background, the camera pans from right to left as the car passes in front of the houses and stops in front of a small wooden house with a white picket fence, the passengers begin to exit the car. View of family exiting a black and white American car, with a white picket fence in foreground and several houses and a black automobile in the background, the children exit the car followed by the man and the woman (all exiting from the passenger door) and enter the front garden of the house through the gate of the white picket fence and walk up the steps of the house (their clothing suggests it is spring or summertime). The family open the front door of a small wooden house and enter the house, as the man holds the door open for everyone and then pulls the door (marked with a number 12) shut behind him.
00:06:00 Close up of a woman putting a chicken or pork or roast or meatloaf into an oven, opening the oven door with her right hand and placing the roast into the oven with her left hand before shutting the oven door. Scene of a kitchen (in foreground) and adjoining dining room (in background), with the mother or woman or wife in the foreground left wearing an apron shutting the oven door and cooking at the stove (with her back to the camera) while the husband or man or father doing household repairs on a wall and the boy or child or brother sets the table or lays the table in the dining room, both the man and the boy are in the right background of the scene. Close up of the father completing a household repair on the wall. Scene of a kitchen (in foreground) and adjoining dining room (in background), as a small girl enters the scene walking into the kitchen from the dining room. Close up of small girl talking, looking up at mother (who stands out of the frame). Close up of a 1950s housewife or woman or mother talking and looking down and talking and smiling to a small girl (who stands out of the frame). Close up of small girl talking, looking up at mother (who stands out of the frame) who then turns and walks out of frame to the left. Dining room with a table laid for tea or dinner or supper, a small boy stands in foreground with his back to the camera at the table, while a small girl or sister stands with her hands on her hips surveying or looking at the table, she proceeds to arrange the table settings which causes the small boy to throw up his hands and leave the scene, the camera pans the little girl setting the table as the small boy enters the scene and moves a wooden chair towards the table.
00:06:41 Triangular sign for the "Fellowship House Y.W.C.A." (the Young Women's Christian Organisation or YWCA) amidst leafy trees, the camera pans down and follows well-dressed woman wearing a white dress walking up a dirt path, with a small house and grass in the background. View of woman wearing a light coloured dress walking up the steps or stairs of a large wooden building surrounded by trees. Woman standing at an ironing board ironing a dress, wearing a bathrobe or jacket, a woman wearing a light coloured or white dress walks into room from door at her left, and the camera follows the woman as she walks behind the woman ironing and sits on a flowered sofa or settee or couch and visibly relaxes as she takes off her hat. Close up of woman ironing. Close up of woman sitting and talking on a couch, with varsity flags and a frame photograph in background. Close up of woman ironing with a framed photograph of a man on a desk in the background, the woman looks down at her ironing and talks. Close up of framed photograph of a man in suit and tie next to a small vase and a candlestick holder. Close up of woman with shoulder length brown curled hair wearing a bathrobe smiling, looking to the left and then looking down. Close up of woman with short curled brown hair filing her nails sitting on a flowered sofa, with a framed graduation photograph in view in the background. Close up of framed graduation photograph. Close up of woman with short curled brown hair filing her nails sitting on a flowered sofa, with a framed graduation photograph in view in the background.
00:07:44 (Overexposed) Scene of a church, trees, and hedges in the background with a woman walking from left of the scene to the right in the foreground, along a small path leading to the entrance to a larger house, she opens the screen door and enters the house. Interior view of the entryway of a house or home decorated with tables, flowers, and paintings, a well-dressed woman enters the room and the camera pans left as she walks towards an older gentleman sitting on a cushioned chair reading a book and smoking a pipe, she leans down and kisses him on the forehead. Close up of older gentleman, wearing suit and tie and eyeglasses or spectacles, as he looks up and talks with the woman who stands slightly in the scene, he nods and smiles as she pats him on the arm. Scene of a woman and older gentleman in a living room, he sits on a cushioned chair as she stands next to the chair then walks across the room and the camera pans her as she walks past a fireplace and into the library, she sets down her bag on a dresser, then exits the scene through a door to the right. Close of women entering kitchen, she takes a cookie out of a cookie jar, walks over to the sink where an older woman is standing with her back facing the camera wearing a flowered dress and an apron and washing the dishes, the well-dress woman moves towards the older woman who kisses her on the cheek as she continues to wash the dishes, the two women talk as the younger woman eats her cookie and the older woman washes the dishes. Close up of a broken mixer, with two women's hands gesturing towards the broken pieces. (Narrator says "Its been a long time in America since homemaking was the only career allowed to women.") Close up to two women, one wearing a pin striped suit and the other a flowered dress talking to each other. Close up of a broken mixer, with two women's hands gesturing towards the broken pieces. Close up to two women, one wearing a pin striped suit and the other a flowered dress talking to each other. Close up of a broken mixer, with a women's hands reattaching the mixing attachment, she turns on the mixer which now works properly. Scene of two women, one wearing a pin striped suit and the other a flowered dress, talking in a kitchen, the woman in the pin striped suit eats a cookie and walks out of the kitchen passing a large refrigerator, leaving the woman in the flowered dress to continue to wash the dishes.
00:09:05 Scene of a library or office in a home, with a writing desk in the foreground and bookshelves filled with books and a draped window in the background, a woman in a pin striped suit enters the scene and sits down at the writing desk, adjusts the desk, then pulls out a stack of letters or bills off the desk. Close up of woman's hands sorting through stack of letters or bills. Close up of woman with short brunette hair, jeweled earrings and broach, looking down with a furrowed, concentrated look on her face. A woman sits at a desk in a home library or office, and uses fountain pen and cheque book. Close up of a record player with a record spinning, camera pans to woman wearing black rocking in a rocking chair and smoking a cigarette, camera pans to living room scene where several young adults are seated, smoking and listening to the music, the camera focuses on a young couple seated in a cushioned chair, with the man smoking and sitting on the arm of the chair and the woman sitting on the cushion of the chair and knitting. Close up of a man in a suit and tie sitting on the arm of a chair smoking and talking to a pretty young woman who is knitting while sitting in the chair and chatting to the man on her left. Young woman and a man in glasses sit on a couch or sofa or settee talking and laughing, there is a striped cat on the woman's lap which she is petting or stroking. Close up of house cat or domestic cat or kitten being pet and sleeping on a woman's lap, startled the kitten opens its eyes and jumps to stand up on her lap. Close up of a young woman wearing black rocking in a rocking chair. Close up of a record player with a record spinning or playing. Close up of a jukebox or radio in a living room, the camera pans right to a domestic scene of a man with a mustache sitting in an arm chair reading the newspaper who turns his head to the right and talks to a person off camera. Close up of a woman or housewife sitting on a settee sewing or stitching or mending a sock while talking to the man (who is off camera to the left of the scene). Domestic scene of a man and a woman sitting in a living room or sitting room reading the newspaper and sewing with a large brick fireplace in the background.
00:10:42 Cinema marquee showing "Angel on the Amazon" (released in 1948) and "The Last Bandit" (released in 1949), the camera pans down to the ticket booth where a couple is standing to purchase tickets. Close up of a man and woman standing in front of a cinema sign stating that the movie "The Window" with Barbara Hale and Arthur Kennedy (released in 1949) starts on Wednesday, the couple approach the cinema ticket booth and the man purchases the tickets from the female ticket seller at right of the frame while the woman, with long brown or brunette hair, stands at left of the frame, the man takes the woman by the arm and they smile and exit the scene to the right (presumably walking into the theatre). Nighttime bedroom scene, with a woman lying in a single or twin bed under the covers and reading a book while eating an apple with a second twin bed at left of the frame and a light on the wall to the right of the frame, she puts down her apple on the dresser adjacent to the bed and yawns, closes her book and turns off the light and lies back on the bed and goes to sleep. Nighttime bedroom scene, with a close up of a man sleeping on his stomach in bed next, the camera pans right to a woman sleeping next to the man (but in a separate bed) on her back, she turns her head and stirs. Nighttime close up of woman sleeping in a bed lying on her back in a nightgown or nightdress. Nighttime close up of young woman sleeping in a single bed on her side facing right.
00:11:52 Close up of clock and radio with the time reading 06:57 or 18:57 on the clock. Daylight bedroom scene, close up of a young woman sleeping in a single bed on her side facing right, she squints her eyes and opens them and turns over in the bed to the left of the camera (with her back to camera) visibly unwilling to get up. (Narrator says "Punctuality is a prime requisite for all jobs in America and most Americans follow an undeviated morning schedule.") Close up of clock and radio with the time reading 06:57 or 18:57 on the clock, a woman reaches over with her left hand and turns off the alarm, stretches while still lying in bed, and proceeds to get up, the camera pans left to show the second woman lying in the adjacent bed to her left, the woman on the right of the bed pulls the covers off and gets up and gently nudges or pushes the sleeping woman in the bed to the left with her hand ("Get up!") as she stands up and pulls on her bathrobe before pulling off the covers on the bed of the sleeping woman (much to her despair), she exits the room to the left leaving the sleeping woman in her bed, who wakes and stretches but remains in bed. Close up of shutters and a window blind with a curtain, a woman walks into the scene on the left and proceeds to open the blinds and peek through them and out the window, she rubs her eyes with her right hand. View of a woman's legs and feet sitting on a bed in a silk nightgown or silk night robe sliding her feet into slippers, the camera pans up to a close up of her standing up, yawning, stretching, and waking up as she walks towards camera and out of the scene to the left. Busy factory scene, camera zooms to a brunette woman working at a machine on a "precise and delicate task". View of a woman holding a tiny object (presumably a hearing aid) under a microscope and in front of a light box with tweezers. Close view of a woman working in a factory at her workstation. Factory scene of women working in a row in a factory at workstations. View of a woman working (with just her face visible) in the background with heavy machinery in foreground as she adjusts various knobs, the camera pans right to show two women working at a machine. Factory break room, the camera pans the room showing women sitting at a table reading magazines and relaxing and smoking in wooden chairs, chatting to each other, as one woman adjusts her hair in the mirror along the wall on the right of the scene. (Narrator says "Most factory employers discovered that women work infinitely better under good conditions than they do under poor ones.") Close up of woman adjusting her hair in a mirror holding a cigarette in her left hand. Factory break room, the woman with the cigarette in her hand taps the ash off the end of the cigarette into an ashtray and walks over to a table and picks up a magazine. Hospital scene, with a nurse in uniform at right of scene and a female patient on the left sitting in a chair holding her left index finger toward the nurse as the nurse puts a plaster on her finger. Close up of female patient. Hospital scene, with a nurse in uniform at right of scene and a female patient on the left sitting in a chair holding her left index finger toward the nurse as the nurse puts a plaster on her finger, the nurse looks up at the camera, the female patient stands up and exits the scene to the right. Office scene, with a businessman sitting at a large oak desk and a female secretary sitting in a chair in front of his desk at left of scene, she holds a pad of paper and is writing down notes dictated by the businessman, she lays her pencil down on the table and answers the telephone as the businessman taps the ash off the end of his cigarette into an ashtray on his desk, puffs the cigarette, then places the cigarette on the ashtray, the secretary hands the businessman the telephone, stands up, and exits the scene to left foreground walking towards the camera. Busy office scene, female secretary walks from left of scene to the centre and approaches woman sitting in chair (who narrator says is a business manager and state legislator). Close up of well-dressed businesswoman sitting in a leather chair holding a folder talking, she stands up. Busy office scene, two women walk towards the back of the office and through a door to the left. Two women, a secretary and a businesswoman, enter an office at left, walking from left to right of the scene towards the desk of a businessman who is talking on the telephone, he hangs up the phone and shakes the businesswoman's hand as she sits down. Close up of businesswoman. Close up of secretary. Office scene, a businesswoman sits in a chair at left, a businessman sits at a desk to right, and a secretary stands with her back to the camera in centre, the secretary turns and exits scene to the left, the businessman and businesswoman talk as she hands him papers across the desk. Shop scene, a woman stands at the right of a counter examining nightgowns or nightdresses as a female shop assistant stands behind the counter at left holding up a nightgown, the female shopper pulls out her purse and takes out money and hands it to the female shopkeeper who takes the garment and exits the scene to the left, the female customer continues to examine the clothing laid on the counter. (Narrator says "Since most American working women take constant pride in their appearance lunch hour shopping sessions are often a necessity and often a pleasure.") Female shopkeeper puts money in a cash register or till and gets out the change and picks up a small bag. Shop scene, the female shop assistant stands behind a glass counter and hands the female customer a small bag and her change which the customer takes, picks up her gloves, and leaves the shop, the shop assistant continues to arrange clothing laid on the counter.
00:15:46 Exterior view of the Sloan-Kettering Institute on New York City's Upper Eastside in Manhattan. Laboratory scene, with two female scientists or lab assistants cataloguing and moving boxes onto shelves in the background, a female scientist takes her notebook and the camera pans her as she walks left through the laboratory, which is filled with similar boxes, to a male technician or scientist who holds the tail of a white mouse in his left hand as he takes the mouse out of the box. Close up of white mouse as the scientist picks up the mouse and uses a needle to inject a fluid into its stomach. Close up of scientists in lab coats. Close up of white mouse as the scientist picks up the mouse and swabs its stomach in order to use a needle to inject a fluid into its stomach. Male scientists shows the female scientist how to swab the stomach of the white mouse, they smile and chat as he puts in the mouse back into a box, and the camera follows her as she walks left out of the laboratory. Lab scene, with a female scientist entering a room wearing a lab coat through a door in the background and a second female scientist wearing a lab coat sitting in the foreground at a machine, the female scientist crosses the scene to the left, passing numerous machines, and sits down at a desk behind a large machine. Close up of two female lab technicians or scientists at a desk with notebooks, one of the scientists pulls out a large ledger and opens it. Hospital scene, with female medics or doctors or nurses or medical assistants wearing hospital scrubs and assisting in an operation, the female doctor on the left of the scene hands over scissors and other medical apparatuses to the doctors. Close up of female doctor in scrubs wearing a facemask with just her nose and eyes visible. School classroom scene, with a female teacher writing on a chalk board ("The boy jumped quickly"). Hairdressers, with a female hairdresser curling the hair of female customer. Female farmer dressed in plaid shirt and overalls sits on a tractor. Farm scene of a female farmer on a tractor, she starts the tractor. Beauty pageant scene, a female beauty pageant contestant walks on a catwalk or runway dressed in a long gown and holding a bouquet of flowers. Female factory worker wearing a protective helmet. Office scene of a young woman opening a file cabinet and putting a folder into the cabinet. Airline hostesses or stewardesses standing in uniform in a row with airplanes in background. Close view of a woman working in a factory at her workstation.
00:17:36 Domestic scene of a mother and young boy in a bathroom, he sits on the edge of the bathtub as she puts a plaster on his knee. Close up of a woman with pins in her mouth (she is sewing or doing embroidery which is out of the frame). View of woman standing at a table doing embroidery in a bedroom. Woman sitting in a rocking chair listening to music or the radio playing, with a kitten on her lap, she strokes the cat and looks down to the cat. Outdoors scene of a park, with a rushing river and two people walking over a bridge over the river with a waterfall in the background, the couple stops and looks over the water facing the camera. Close up of the couple on the bridge. View of a couple standing and talking on a bridge.
00:18:10 End credits.
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