Film: 8226

Media | 1940 | Sound | B/W

Clip:

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Synopsis:

The record industry in the USA and Britain in the late 1940's.

Juke box scene. Woman in factory handling 78 records. Man reading book with portable gramophone playing by his side. Young woman listening to an electrical record player while having her tea. Interior of record factory . Workers stamping out records and adding labels. Seems to be M.G.M. factory. Seven piece comedy dance band the 'Korn Kobblers' - instruments are motor horns, bells, strange drums etc. Recording studio with artists in casual clothes. Control room. Director asks artists to do another take. View from control room.

View of the main HMV record shop in Oxford Street, London close up of more discerning record collectors. Interior of living room - 'the people are listening to today's Be-Bop'. View of collector's record shop in USA voice 'preserved on wax is the whole history of mankind.' Man handling early record Edison cylinders with phonograph (the fore-runner of the gramophone). Sample of the sound reproduction. Table horn gramophone with early disc records in a home setting. Pictures of famous pre-electric (before1925) recording stars. People on veranda of country house listening to record of John McCormack singing 'Believe me if all those endearing young charms'. Popular music becomes the mainstay of the industry. Acoustical recording session of jazz band playing into the recording horn. Dixieland Jazz Band. Scientists experimenting on electrical recording. Picture of electrical record of Paul Whiteman Orchestra. Paul Whiteman and his orchestra playing 'Whispering'. Recording studios with Eddie Arnord's cowboy singers (Eddie Arnold). New phenomenon emerges 'Disc Jockeys' or DJ Martin Bloch (smoking) playing records in front of 3 78rpm turntables stands up with microphone in centre. Large dance band playing in classy restaurant. 1942 musicians insist on royalty for records. Union Leader James Cesar Petrillo wins royalty. Pictures of Union leaders discussing their objections to public performance of records and radio reproduction.

At the end of 1931 the record industry grinds to a halt for 11 months. Records imported from Great Britain. Business drops off during the great depression. Bing Crosby and new Decca record company enter the scene with cut prices. Juke boxes catch on. Industry begins to revive - by 1947 sells 32 million records. Swing bands arrive. People in record shop choosing classical records. Footage of Jascha Heifetz (one of the worlds great violinists) playing extended version of 'On Wings of Song'. Famous pianist Moura Lympany playing Chopin's Fantasy Impromptu. Towards the end of 1948 unions and record companies come to terms. Newspaper headlines record this outcome. Columbia Record Company technicians working on a revolutionary new system.

End of strike celebrated by group of renowned singers including Lawrence Tibbett, Jan Pearce and Perry Como singing 'I'm Just Wild About Harry' (Presumably President Harry Truman). Packing dept. of MGM record factory. People listening to the new Columbia long-playing records. These play up to 20 minutes of music! Meanwhile the Victor record company is experimenting with 45 rpm records. Panic in record shops as efforts are made to unload obsolete 78rpm records. Eddie Duchin recording of 'Come to me my Melancholy Baby'. Parade of scenes from preceding film.


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