Film: 8234

Science | 1980 | Sound | Colour

Clip:

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Synopsis:

This film is about models and their application in science and art.

Shots of the inside and outside of a flight simulator with a female pilot trainee. The trainee pilot smiles as she successfully "lands" the aircraft. Title and credits. The trainee pilot is interview inside the flight simulator. Henry Moore's sculptures. Henry Moore speaks to the camera about how he transfers his ideas to sculptures. Henry Moore holds a small sculpture (a model) while showing a larger version. He explains how easy it is to examine the small model. Top view of Henry Moore among his large sculptures. Edward Allen constructs a floor plan of a house. A close up of Edward Allen as he experiments with the house model. He tries to improve the house's air flow by moving the window. A close up of the house floor plan which reveals that the model has a dye flowing through it, this dye aids in determining the best location for the window. A fluid dynamic model (of the arterial system of the a dog) is used by Dr. Joe Cavin to understand how blood flows. Several close ups of the apparatus and of Dr. Joe Cavin and a colleague experimenting with the fluid dynamic model. This model enables the study of blood flow in humans, in particular, understanding arteriosclerosis. A man walks over a scale model (map) of Japan which is the size of a football match. This scale model traces distances as well as time. Close up of plastic disks which trace a 24 hour path of industrial pollution in 9 minutes. A computer model / simulation of a monsoon created by Dr. Warren Washington who speaks to the camera about computer simulations of the Indian monsoon. These computer models / simulations are useful to predict future weather. A rainroom in Japan, heavy rain fall and a man standing with an umbrella under the heavy rain. In this rain room, artificial storms are created in order to study the effect rain has on soil and crops. Close up of Dr. William Tragger (?) and of Dr. Robert. T. Reese holding an owl monkey. One wears a bio hazard mask, they are using owl monkeys to investigate and test malaria vaccines. Close up of the owl monkey in cages interspersed with Dr. Reese speaking about the malaria model vaccines. Dr. Linus Pauling (1901-1994), Nobel Prize winner 1954 and 1962 speaks to the camera about building protein models. Close up of hand of Linus Pauling writing a polypeptide formula. Linus Pauling explains how he worked out the structure of proteins and exemplifies by holding and folding the paper (where he wrote the formula) along a line, several times. He made calculations that brought out the alpha helix and later he built a large number of molecular models. Linus Pauling holds a large space filling molecular model of the alpha helix of the hemoglobin protein. Close up of the molecular model and of Linus Pauling speaking about the usefulness of molecular models.

(Linus Pauling's 1954 Nobel Prize was awarded for his work on genetic influences in relation to the atomic structure of proteins in hemoglobin. He discovered that sickle cell anemia is caused by genetic defect. In 1962, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.)

A NASA weightlessness simulator. A NASA scientist - Powel Robinson, explains that minimal surface research uses soap bubbles. Close up of a soap bubble making device. The soap bubbles help to work out the shapes of future outer space homes/houses. Close up of a small window being made in the soap bubble, the window remains round because the soap has surface tension. Close up of Powel Robinson holding a model of a outer space room / building. Powel Robinson shows the camera how the outer space building was derived from a soap bubble. Another scientist (James Bland???). A computer simulation of the solar system and another simulation of an object in outer space. A series of computer simulations of how Jupiter would look like to the space craft Voyager as it goes past the planet . A Live image transmitted from Voyager of Jupiter in February 1979.


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