Film: 8235

Farming + Rural Life | 1950 | Sound | B/W


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Farming post world war two asnd efficiency methods are examined including the water supply 1950's

It first identifies the need for improved water supplies on farms and then describes the processes whereby various grades of water pipe are manufactured and installed. It is aimed at an agricultural market, stressing the ease with which their products can be installed and the benefits of doing so, giving figures for water consumption by various types of livestock and setting out the reasons for employing different grades of pipe.
It illustrates a range of environments in 1954 – an agricultural show, agriculture on farms, an analytical laboratory and heavy industrial plant used to manufacture and process steel pipes.

Introduction (1minute)
Comprehensive commentary throughout. Opening shot shows sign in foreground “Royal Show Entrance (RAC)”, with a road (suburban ?) with an open-topped car, stopping to pick up a couple of pedestrians from a large number walking away (?) from the show, many with coats and hats. View of exhibition with tractors, ploughs and many visitors, mainly men in suits and flat caps. Agricultural trailer is rotated to demonstrate unloading equipment ? Tractor with harvester in background. View of marquee, with van and trailer generator in foreground with a few men in suits and ties looking at it, an object is suspended (?) above, which may be a crop-spraying helicopter (picture quality poor). Big mixed sex crowd looking expectantly and cheerfully towards the camera, while they sit in rows by show area, all in coats, many in hats, some with programmes open. Large white draught horse in harness, being inspected by judge and held at the nose by man in white coat and bowler. Horse (Shire Horse foal ?) being led across show ring, with other horses also being led around in background. Small bull led by young lady in white coat across ring with other cattle being held by others in white coats behind. Cow standing by older lady in white coat – prize winner ? – marquees in background. Five show jumpers on horses waiting in ring by gate jump. Lady show jumper (Pat Smythe ?) signing autograph for two young girls and an older girl, watched by parents (?), in background older man with chain of office around his neck. Four men in raincoats sitting around low table discussing a pamphlet and one of them holding up a short length (18 ins ?) of coated tubing for them to inspect. View of tent with display trailers on either side and banner for company “Stewarts and Lloyds”. Close up of banner showing company name. Four men walking into tent past flower display. Man studying glass display cabinet showing various stages in production of coated pipe. Close-up of display title “Specially Protected Steel Pipes”, sign indicating that the display can be animated. Display of range of bends and pipe terminations, title “Galvanised Steel Tubulars to BS 1387”. Display of joints and bends. Tractor in field pulling machine turning straw, sunny summer’s day. Tractor pulling baling machine along heap of straw.
Title Sequence (20secs)
Black background with title. Title with farmland and hills behind. Production credits over farmland and hills.
Main Body of Film ( )
Reservoir surrounded by low wooded hills, showing parapet of dam and gantry to small tower in water. Very turbulent water stream. Water rushing out of pipe at bottom of dam. Interior view of pumping station showing several large machines operating with man walking across gantry halfway up actuating rods. Large reciprocating actuating rod operating pump. View through series of large flywheels rotating. Chickens and chicken houses in field with water tank and trough in foreground, horse and small cart approaching past chickens, farm buildings in background. Water bowser is backed up to tank by a tractor. Driver fills tank from water bowser. Water shown running out of large clay pipes in the ground into stone troughs and overflowing. Woman in apron and shiny leather shoes draws water from well into bucket then walks past camera. Modern windmill turning to drive water pump at borehole. Weir on stream between low trees, with footbridge over weir. Man uses hose to fill tank on water cart, pulled by horse, from water tank in building. Water cart is driven away between buildings. View of pond with murky water and muddy edges. Water flowing through ditch. Man in suit using forked stick to dowse for water, by hedge, stick moves sharply up and around as the man walks along. View from hilltop of farm and fields with bales of straw. Rows of plants with man in the middle adjusting connection on one of several irrigation pipes. Water spraying out of pipes over rows of plants. Cattle walking past barn. Close-up of cow drinking from metal water trough. Steer in middle of muddy area drinking water from hoof marks. Friesian cow entering milking parlour. Cow standing in parlour on concrete step, being cleaned with hose, before milking. Cow leaving parlour, showing slurry on wall by entrance. One Friesian, one Ayrshire cow in farmyard, both un-polled.
Two men lifting manhole cover set in concrete area between buildings before one man lowers bottle into hole on rope, then pulls the bottle out, full of water, and carefully puts a lid on to it. The man holds the bottle up to the light and both men inspect it. The smartly dressed man writes on the label. A young woman in a white coat, in a laboratory with bottles of chemical around and a row of test tubes in a rack in front of her, lifts a test tube and puts it into a container, a man in a dark suit comes up to her with a paper, as she bends forward to make a note, she then removes the test tube and looks at his papers. Another young woman, in a white coat, carries out a titration using a large pipette on a retort stand, on her left is an array of sample bottles in a rack, behind her are a number of large pipettes on a bench and in the background is a young man also in a white coat, she then stands up and holds a filter paper behind the top of the pipette (to check level ?).
Man in wellington boots uses hand auger to extract soil sample amongst sweet corn plants, placing sample in white sack, he moves to open field alongside sweet corn and takes further samples, removing soil by hand from the auger. Young woman in white coat places wooden racks of sample bottles on tray of machine, then closes lid over them. She tightens thumbscrews to hold down lid, switches on machine, which oscillates backward and forwards to mix the samples thoroughly. A young man in a white coat carries out an electrical test on a sample bottle then dispenses a sample through a funnel, before moving the next sample bottle in the rack into position for testing.
View of large store, with big bundle of pipes being carried by overhead crane (Wellman 5 ton crane), over store of pipes in racks. Two men, one in overalls, working on machine, with approx. six inch wide strip of metal going through machine, shows big shower of sparks as strip is welded. View of strip entering furnace, situated in large factory with steam or smoke billowing up from other side of furnace. Strip moving over roller as it enters furnace. White-hot strip emerges from large pipe on to rollers mounted on raised gantry with white painted inspection or access ladders. Man in overalls watches strip as it enters forming rollers, shielding his eyes from the glare. The hot strip passes through rollers, forming in to tube, and machine melts edges to weld seam in tube, amidst showers of sparks. Older man in glasses and overalls, standing in front of several pressure gauges, monitors process intently. Another shot of hot tube passing through rollers. Man lifts cover to show tube passing though area where a circular saw moves at same speed as tube to cut it into lengths.
Cut lengths of hot tube are transferred from rollers on to wide belt moving at right angles to rollers, man watches tubes move past. Tube passes through more forming rollers, with cooling spray and much debris flying around. Tube lengths are moved down ramp to cool them. Tubes lifted 2 at a time from ramp by machinery. Tube end shown being lifted into place, clamped and the end ground flat by rotating cutting wheel. Tubes roll down frame, showing bright metal ends. Man in overalls with heavy protective glove holds a tube and marks it with chalk (?), while man in background watches previous process, after marking it he rolls the tube away and rolls the next tube down. Big bundle of pipes is lowered into tank with large chain hoist. Tube rolls down rails into tank, man with check shirt and protective glasses manoeuvres something with poles, mechanical arm pushes pile of tubes under surface in tank. Man in check shirt uses tongs to lift tubes, coated with molten zinc, out of tank into hook and they are pulled away from tank. Tube passes under large rollers, removing excess zinc. Two men grasp a tube with tongs and hold end against nozzle with steam, then move it to one side and reach for next tube. The tubes are shown moving down rails, with two men working at nozzle at top and another checking them at the bottom of the rails. Man in overalls and protective gloves rolls tubes across to another machine. Large rotating machine cuts thread on end of tubes. Two men watch tubes being moved by toothed belt from one machine to another. Man loosely fits metal socket on a tube while machine tightens up socket on previous tube. Tubes move on belt through machine with water. Tubes emerge from machine with water running out, shown from two angles. Big pile of tubes draining water after process. Large bundle of tubes lifted by crane, in big open factory area.
Tube inserted into pipe bending machine, with facility for bending six different radii, and bent, drops out at end. Man in glasses and lab coat inspects bent tube visually and with his hands.
Farmland with wheat and cleared path. Two farm workers in field, approach small bundle of tubes (20) and carry away one. Trench in field leading to water trough, men approach with tube and lay it beside the trench, with one end placed on block, then walk away. Man standing in muddy trench, unscrewing cap from end of pipe. Two men standing in trench lift pipe from side and lower into trench. Man screws pipe into socket on previously laid pipe. Man in trench turns far end of pipe. Man completes screwing in pipe then uses two pipe wrenches to tighten joint, before painting the joint and pipe wrench grip points with bitumen from a can.
Farm and farmland, with low hill, and sparse hedges between fields. Big caterpillar tractor with metal wheeled “mole” plough attached, two men watch another man look closely at plough. Man screws length of pipe into socket on end of pipe, held by two large pipe wrenches. A man turns far end of pipe. The pipe is tightened in the socket using the pipe wrench, before coating the joint liberally with bitumen. The caterpillar tractor driver is directed to back his machine and plough towards a man holding the end of some pipe, which has a pulling eye screwed into it. The pipe disappears into the end of a trench at the bottom of a narrow ploughed slit in the soil. Caterpillar tractor drive across field followed by 3 men watching the towed plough. Pipe shown being pulled into end of trench at high speed by plough. Pipe shown on surface being watched by group of skittish cattle as it is pulled across field under wire fence. Pipe shown being pulled into trench. Cattle sniffing inquisitively at moving pipe. Caterpillar tractor drives towards hedge with trench through, directed by 2 men. Pipe attached to plough emerges into trench. Towing plug fitted to next section of pipe and pipe shown disappearing into end of trench again. View of narrow surface ploughing slit. Second section of pipe shown being pulled into trench until there is a 12-15 inch gap between the ends of the section. Man connects the 2 sections.
Chickens running around in orchard with coops, hedge and farm house in background. Woman in wellingtons fills galvanised bucket with another bucket from a small stream. Steep hillsides with farmhouse and fields at the bottom.
Factory scene with bundles of pipes being lifted and men controlling the lifting process using overhead levers. The bundles are lowered into successive tanks of liquid, the second of which is steaming or fuming, as the bundle comes out of the liquid, it gushes out of the end of the pipes. Pipes (tubes) are plugged by a man with protective gloves and apron, tightening the plug with a large wrench. Pipes are shown entering a furnace and then 2 men lift one off using tongs and attaching it to a tank containing bitumen. After measured amount of bitumen has been put in pipe, it is lifted by the 2 men on to a rolling machine, which rotates the tube to distribute the bitumen evenly around the inside of the tube. The tubes are moved automatically by the machine to an area where the pipes are sprayed with water to cool them. View from pipe, of woman’s eye looking down rotating shiny bore of pipe. Man in very heavy gauntlets holds pipe fitting with tongs as he ladles bitumen into the fitting. Another man screws a sealing part into a fitting, before carefully tilting the fitting backwards and forwards, he then mounts it on to a machine which rotates multiple fittings to spread the bitumen around the inside of the fittings. Length of pipe rotates on rollers, above a moving bath of bitumen, brushes are used by 2 men to coat the pipe with bitumen. The bath stops and reverses along the pipe, this time the men apply a spiral wrap of glass fibre coating to the pipe coating it liberally with bitumen again, the excess being removed by one of the men with a brush. The men lift the coated pipe into a lime wash and it rolls down to join a row of other pipes. A bundle of coated pipes is lifted with a rope hoist and deposited in front of 2 men who wrap the ends in sacking and paint bands on the ends to indicate the quality and standard of the pipes. A bundle of pipes is wrapped in sacking around the middle – the sacking is joined by sewing with string. Multiple bundles are shown being stacked in the warehouse, all labelled with tie-on labels.
Distant view of farm across fields, with trees and a few cattle. Man shovels soil out of trench by cattle trough. Land Rover pulling trailer carrying small bundle of wrapped pipes drives past trough and man working. Trailer with wooden bed, has bundle of pipes and sack of fittings. 2 men lift off several pipes and place on ground, together with sack of fittings. 2 men in white overalls walk past back of van, which is full of tools and sacks of fittings, pipe is secured on tripod clamp. Man in white overalls unwraps end of pipes and carries one pipe away. Two trenches at right angles with a white pipe in the bottom of one and another is laid in the crossing trench. 2 men lay out lengths of pipe alongside trench to trough. Man walks along in trench, carrying toolbox and sack of pipe fittings, which he puts down beside the trench, before bending down to unscrew a cap from a tee fitting on the pipe in the trench, he applies paste to the tee fitting and to the new pipe end which is then lowered into the trench to screw it into the tee fitting, first by hand and finally tightened with a large pipe wrench. He moves along the trench with his tools, lifts the other end of the pipe on to a supporting batten, checks the thread of this pipe and the one to be screwed into it, adding thread paste to both, before screwing them together by hand and tightening the joint with two pipe wrenches. View of van (Austin ?) and end of trench. Man repeats joint near trough. 2 men walk along trench lowering pipes into bottom of trench. Man cuts into white coating of pipe held in vice, with hacksaw, uses folding wooden ruler to measure, before stripping coating off with knife. Pipe is cut with a hacksaw, while the other man pours water out of kettle to lubricate and cool the cut. Man uses finger to remove metal swarf from cut end of pipe and then uses thread cutting tool to put thread on end of pipe, again using water to lubricate cut. Thread cutting tool shown on stand. Man carries short length of pipe into trench by trough, checks end of loger pipe and smears thread paste on both ends before screwing them together, tightening with 2 pipe wrenches. A pressure gauge is attached to the end of the pipe and a stop cock opened to register water pressure. Man applies paste to bare metal at joint and very sticky wide tape is applied as a spiral wrap over the whole joint area, being finally moulded to the pipe by hand. Process is repeated at several joints. Man in trench demonstrates how transit damage to pipe coating is repaired in similar way using paste and tape. Man in white overalls lowers completed pipe into trench while two other men shovel soil back into trench. Trough shown full of water.
Overhead shot from crane moving over many bundles of pipes. View of Friesian cow drinking from trough. Beef cattle facing camera, in meadow surrounded by trees. Row of pigs with noses in trough. Three geese and some goslings by small water trough. Several large horses in field. Tractor pulling baling machine across cornfield, with low hills behind. Someone filling shiny kettle from kitchen tap. Woman in striped dress, lifts small child into bath, with gas water heater above bath.
View of farm buildings across fields with added schematic dotted lines showing where water supply has been laid and used.
End credits over shot of combine harvester working in cornfield.

Stewart and Lloyd pipe makers.
The film is a publicity documentary made by a steel pipe manufacturer.

To request more details on this film, please contact us quoting Film number 8235.