Places + Locations | 1960 | Sound | Colour
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Of all the world's peoples, one in 60 lives within the broad green basin of the five tributaries of the River Indus India and Pakistan co-operation 1960's
It is the most extensively irrigated area in the world. Once known as the Punjab, its canals, if linked together would twice encircle the globe. At the time of the Partition in 1947, four-fifths of this rich irrigated area were ceded to Pakistan. But all rivers flowed out of Indian territory and India needed water too. In September 1960, a solution to the problem was found. The Indus Water Treaty and the Indus Fund Agreement, reached with the assistance of the World Bank and the International Development Association, contained proposals which embraced the biggest engineering project in the world history. Its cost, one and a quarter Billion Dollars. This film is also a fascinating study of the life of the people of the Punjab, their dependance on seasonal water and the problems of waterlogging and salinity that affect vast areas of the irrigated land. Other items shown. Bridges, weirs, branch channels and ditches, methods of irrigation, harvest, how sheep and cattle cope in the heat. Ice carts, dried up waterways, Waters from glaciers and monsoon rains afar off, because the rivers to overflow. Underground water level rises 80 ft. City streets with many forms of transport. Massive Earthscrapers and bulldozers. Huge cranes. Mangla Dam and Hydro electric scheme. Largest equipment spread since 'D' Day. 13,000 men work years of long days in summer and long nights under arcs in winter. Up to 40,000 wells drilled 400 miles of new canals. "One hundred skills with a single purpose with thousands of engineers from different parts of the Globe. Water shortage and its solution.
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