Social History | 1960 | Sound + Silent | B/W
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Civil rights 1960's
2.6.63 - Sound - In interview James Farmer, the Director of the Congress for Racial Equality, predicts that, except for the Deep South, integration between blacks and whites in the U.S.A. will be complete in three years.
2.2.64 - Silent - New York, U.S.A. - School boycott preparations. Black and white man positioning black-board in an empty classroom. Black women placing chairs in rows in a hall that is to become a 'Freedom School'. Women handing out leaflets to black children on New York street. Black man doing same. Leaflets contain information on what the children are to do on the day of the boycott. Black students reading leaflets outside a school. Black man and woman working at desk in office (poster in background states 'We demand a Real Integration Timetable Now'). Small printing press printing out leaflets. Black person pointing at large map on wall. Another black man making a poster with a stencil that states 'Jim Crow Can't Teach Democracy'. Black man sitting at desk making phone call (to reassure parents about the action). Black man speaking to black woman in office, women typing and writing at desk. Woman speaking on telephone. White man reading and writing at desk. 'Freedom' badges being poured into tray which has a note attached that states 'Get Your Freedom Button Here'. Black woman pins badge onto black man's lapel.
9.2.64 - Silent - Accused killer of Civil Rights leader. Sign stating 'No Cameras or Recording Equipment Allowed in Building. Deposit Such Items in Sheriff's Office'. Black man walks down steps of building (court) with suitcase. White men walking down the same steps. White woman and men being interviewed. (Images very unclear.)
26.2.64 - Sound - Chicago, U.S.A. - Chicago Freedom School - Hall full of black and white children (and some adults) pledging allegiance to the United States of America. The black male speaker welcomes the group to the St. Georges Freedom School. He explains that they are there to learn of the history of the 'negro' in America. He asks what they know about slavery.
25.3.64 - Sound - Cassius Clay or Muhammed Ali on racial philosophy. In an interview in New York, U.S.A. Clay states that he is not out to cause any disturbances with other black people.
29.4.64 - Sound - Nashville, Tennessee, U.S.A. - Street sit-in. Shot of Nashville street. Black men in suits walking up to Morrison's Café, one of the restaurants in the city that is maintaining a policy of racial segregation. One knocks on the glass door. Because their entrance is barred by locked doors the protestors sit down (black and white people sitting in street in protest against segregation). Police leading black man, under arrest, into police van. Another black man being carried by four baton wielding police men to the same van. Women and black men being dragged away from the street demonstration. Chaos as the demonstrators are pushed out of the road.
15.5.64 - Silent - Cambridge, Maryland, U.S.A. - Civil Rights march. Showdown between racial demonstrators and National Guard Troops. Black people singing and clapping as they march along street at night. A white vicar talking to black man and woman. Shot of two National Guard troops in foreground (their backs turned to the camera) with helmets and batons and a crowd of black people in the background. Black people sitting on the ground praying. Soldiers wearing gas masks and brandishing rifles with bayonets fixed standing in line. The sitting black crowd standing and moving off.
9.6.64 - Sound - Martin Luther King being interviewed in New York studio on the passing of the Civil Rights Bill. King talks of a boost that the passing of the bill will give the black community. He also states that although the demonstrations will continue, the passing of the bill will help keep the coming summer's protests non-violent. 'The Long Hot Summer' is mentioned.
10.6.64 - Silent - Tuscaloosa, Alabama U.S.A. - Police quell demonstration. Pitched battle with police. Black men being led away by police. Scuffle behind hedge between groups of blacks and the police. Policeman throwing tear gas over hedge. Tear gas smoke rising from behind hedge. Firemen turning hoses on demonstration. Black women running into house as tear gas cannister explodes near them. Person lying on floor. Black people running down street chased by white policemen. The images of the riot are violent and evoke the fight for Civil Rights during the 1960s.
24.7.64 - Sound - Greenwood, Mississippi, U.S.A. - Black man tells how whites beat him because he wanted to see a movie. In a monologue he tells how he was picked up by three white men, taken to a shack, beaten, fought the men off and freed himself. The FBI office subsequently took care of him.
25.7.64 - Sound - New York, U.S.A. - City Hall demonstration. Demonstration, pickets in Harlem and Brooklyn areas of New York. People carrying placards stating 'Police Brutality Must Go', 'Gilligan is a Killer', 'Murphy Must Go'. White counter demonstrators in bus with placards stating 'Get the Smelly Black Basterd Away From This Place'.
25.6.64 - Sound - Shriver speaks to NAACP. Bobby Kennedy's visit. Sergeant Shriver states that having '…sent volunteers to more than 3000 different locations all over the world' these volunteers have experienced no violence in three years. In citing this example he questions the violence waged on the blacks in America. He also questions America's confidence in describing other countries as 'backward' when people are dying unnecessarily within the U.S.A.. (Refers to the death of Emmett Till.) NAACP marching in silent protest against the disappearance of three men. A demonstration that consists of only black people. Eight negro leaders, including the NAACP leader Roy Wilkins, sitting in front of a standing Robert Kennedy (the Attorney General) in a large office. The delegation ask for Federal protection in Mississippi. Bobby says he cannot given them what they want. The audience are very understanding.
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