Places + Locations | 1960 | Sound | Colour
Chile South America 1960's
Geographical outline of Chile, South America on white background. Chile's position (in red) indicated on world map, as well as the routes of the explorers Magellan and Pisarro. Magellan's route from Spain, hugging the coast of South America until finding the straits of Magellan; Pisarro's route from Spain, across the Carribean to isthmus of Panama and down to coast of Peru. A smaller party continued route into Chile and founded city of Santiago de Chile. Migration routes to Chile indicated from European countries. More detailed map of Chile, showing the Andes, that run down Chile's internal border, the fertile valleys (in green), and the migration routes (in yellow) from Europe.
A valley in the Andes; a man follows his cattle out of an enclosed area, while a woman stands at the gate. A man in sunglasses and cap takes a picture of the scenery up in the mountains, whilst another man stands next to him. Scenic shots of the Andes: a stretch of water behind which stand snowy peaks; snow-capped peaks of the mountains.
Shot of the Trans-Andean railtrack or railway with backdrop of the Andes and walking on the path next to it a man with three mules. A locomotive awaits to start its journey. Shot from front of the train as it descends down towards a tunnel. View of the fertile valleys as train descends. Camera pans across the rooftops of Santiago.
Details from Santiago: pedestrians cross a city road, a tram is about to set off up the street, behind it stands a large tall, modern building; the front of the Hotel Carrera with cars parked outside. Three examples of colonial style architecture in the city follow. A more modern design is reflected in the school of law building of the University of Chile. Close-up of the façade. A large square, in which are located the offices of the Chilean government, modern multi-storey buildings. View from a balcony shows an old colonial building, which is the President's residence. The government buildings visible in the background. A statue dedicated to one of Chile's patriots, General Bernardo O'Higgins, stands in the square, behind it the government buildings. Close-up of the name plaque on the base of statue. Shot from the base of the statue looking up at the sculptured horse on hind legs and the General, with sword drawn and arm outstretched, sitting on it.
A main street in Santiago (named after the General), a pedestrian crosses the road. In the background a church spire can be seen as well as an advert for Firestone on top of a building. Chile's police, dressed in white tunics, march in Santiago square. A policeman stands in the middle of a road directing the traffic. He performs a variety of hand manoeuvres. A crowd of people squeeze onto a tram, a public transport bus drives down a street, passengers hanging on the outside.
Mid- day view of Santiago; streets show them free of traffic and people . A shopkeeper winds up his shutters to reveal a shoe shop. View of workers' houses in tree- lined street. A man stands just outside the door to his house on the street cleaning a lady's shoe while a woman leans against the wall and watches him. In the doorway of another house, a barefoot baby boy sits on his older brother's lap. View of office workers' flats in Santiago street, trams go past. In the residential districts, two storey houses are set amongst trees. A series of mansions follows: large house with palm trees at the front; large entrance door, behind which rises mansion façade; large house with columns decorating the front; and the mansion of a former Chilean President, which has the Ex-President's grandson walking down the steps to open the gate. The grandson shakes hands with a man.
Examples of Santiago's factory buildings, shoe, glass, textile, electrical appliances, follows long shot of steel mill, smoking chimneys visible. Close-up of electrical crane in operation. Focus on the plaque reveals its German origin. Two propeller planes (U.S. imports) sit on the runway. Engineers in white overalls busy themselves under the larger plane. Shot of two American imported parked cars. A Mercedes Benz (1940s model?) stands parked in street. A man in suit climbs out of his two-seater car and walks across the street. Shot of steam locomotive. A railway worker walks alongside the large locomotive wheels. An electrical train passes by. On the railway platform, the train driver looks out of his electric locomotive. Inside view of railway carriage: passengers sitting in large comfortable seats, reading newspapers and talking (1st class compartment?) Man walks up a plank to deliver heavy sack (which is balanced on his head) into freight car. Two men guide two oxen, which are pulling a freight car.
View of the coastal city Vina del Mar: (blurred shot) river running through the city; children look down onto city, the sea lying to the left.
Beach scenes: long shot of city beach, crowded with people; bathers hold onto a rope which is stretched out into the sea; Chilean young men play football; Close-up of young men and women sitting on the sand in swimming costumes; a little baby in swimsuit holding hands with mum and dad, baby grins into the camera; near the beach, the façade of a school for deprived children can be seen; the schoolchildren from the poor and crowded area of the city pose for the camera on the edge of the beach in school uniform and small boys lostle each other smiling into the camera.
Polo field, partially obscured by the silhouetted figures of spectators. Polo players in action on the field. Close-up of polo player on horse- back. Shot of wealthy spectators watching from the side.
Map of Chile showing Andes and fertile plains. Green central area marks the fertile zone. Northern part of fertile zone land is dry and irrigated by water- detail of a small irrigation canal. Shots of wheatfield, vine- yard and close-up of grapes.
Through the entrance gates of a farm estate (hacienda), we see the large house, partially obscured by trees. Shot of workers' houses on the estate. Workers' children (boys) crouch down playing some kind of game (marbles?) on the dusty ground in front of an estate house.
Man in a field digs for potatoes and throws them into a basket. Clover is being harvested. A man holds a pitchfork full of clover above his head, walking towards an ox- driven cart loaded with clover. Close-up of ox under the yoke.
Head shots of Chilean cowboys, who pose on horseback for the camera. Two cowboys ride and bring a calf under control, their horses kicking up dust as they ride away.
Map of Chile (same one as before, with exception of emphasizing southern part of fertile central zone). Long- shot view of cleared forest area and smoke rising, in the background are the Andes. A car drives over a small bridge in cleared forest area. At the end of the bridge there is a wooden box in shape of a house with cross on top, a shrine to mark the spot where a Chilean died. Another shrine detail in the countryside.
Detail of a field with small farmhouses in the background. A boy, hands in pockets and sunhat, stands in front of a straw house. Man leads his ox- driven, empty cart down a dusty road. Peasant man sits in cart drawn by oxen. Another ox-drawn cart carries some children in a field. Close-up of three peasant children, said to be descendants of native Indians and the first Spanish settlers. Head shot of native Indian Chilean boy. Native Indian places child in back of moving cart pulled by two oxen past some horses. Close-up of native Indian woman sitting on the stationary cart- Examples of native Indians: head shot of balding middle-aged man and young woman in traditional dress.
Details from south central city of Valdivia: white colonial building standing next to river; modern small apartment block and hotel- Schuster sign on side of building. A boat - Bremen- carrying passengers, sails down a river. Shots of the barges on the river and houses on the banks (built in the German style). Warehouse on the riverbank. Two blonde boys sit watching them. A woman and son cross a town street (German descendants). More examples of Chilean German descendants follow: young couple (he in double- breasted suit, she in white dress and handbag) walk across town street. Two men are talking on bridge; blonde, curly-haired little girl stands in garden and close-up of same girl with another little blonde girl.
Shots of fields, which are farmed by descendants of German settlers. A large cow walks down the field. Shot of large farmhouse. Small blonde boy pushes open large wooden farm gate. Headshot of German-descended farmer with blonde baby in his arms. Wider angle shot reveals same man with presumably his other children of various ages (7 in total, all blonde) standing outside.
Focus on names painted on road, which are Chilean political candidates, followed by close-ups of the Falange Nacional election posters. Street scene on election day near the polling station. A soldier exchanges a few words with seated man smoking a pipe in the street. Another soldier walks up to two men sitting on a bench in the street, who then get up. Chileans (all men) file in and out of the polling station, two soldiers stand near the entrance.
A man (Middle aged), in hat and suit, with coat hanging loosely from his shoulders, crosses the street with colleague who appears to be holding a camera. Close-up of this gentleman, who is a candidate for Senator. Banners across the street show names of other candidates, some of which are of German origin, while people (men) walk underneath.
The usual map of Chile (green central area) changes to point out the northern and southern parts. Details from the southern, sparsely populated parts, which include settlements on the many small islands.
Houses on the shores of an island; a boat with sail makes its way across the water, in the background the heavily wooded island; a cargo ship sails alongside the wooded coast; a man carries a heavy sack over his shoulder from the jetty to the ship alongside; men stand fixing their fishing nets; man in hat looks out from the side of a ship onto the nearby coast; shot from the front of ship and shot looking back at the mountains enveloped in mist. Native Indians (adults and children) in dug-out canoes wait by a stationary ship, looking up to the deck. Various close-up shots of the Indians follow.
Map of Chile pointing out the strait of Magellan. Details from the strait: snowy peaked mounteains; the mountains level off to reveal a flat, grassy plain. A man on horseback rides down a road on the grassy plain. A large herd of sheep mills around and close-up of sheep chewing.
Details from the southernmost city in the world, Punta Arenas: rooftops stretching down to the sea; large crowd of people standing on quay awaiting docking of ship which is drawing nearer. Amongst crowd waiting are nuns and a welcoming brass band.
Map of Chile indicating the northern area, which is an arid region. Shot of the 'driest desert in the world'. A crane lowers nitrate ore onto railcar. A man holds onto a pipe, which gushes the extracted nitrate into container. Shot of the copper basin (large deposits of copper ore are found here). A worker with face mask looks at extracted copper passing by on conveyor belt. Another worker (only see lower half of body) looks at some copper bars. Shots of workers' houses in the desert. Long shot of port from where copper and nitrate are exported. Nitrate is loaded on to a ship.
Review of the people of Chile: native Indians in dugout canoes (from the southern islands), people on quay on the strait of Magellan; a worker in the northern desert and Chileans of the central region; man and woman stepping off a plane, tram conductor salutes, passengers crowd onto a tram, policeman directs traffic standing on small wooden platform, a peasant farmer holding long stick walks in front of his oxen, harvesting of clover, upper body shot of cowboy, who takes his hat off, profile shot of young man, two young women sitting on beach and grandson of former Chilean President with female companion.
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