Music | 1970 | Sound | Colour
1970s documentary exploring the arts and music developed by the Aztec, Mayan and Inca peoples of Central South America. Folk music demonstrations with ancient instruments. Samba and flamenco music and dances of the later Spanish migrants in Latin America.
Map of Latin American countries: Whole of Latin America. Close up Mexico. Tilt down to Peru.
Narration: Important civilizations, Aztec and Mayans un Mexico and Incas in Peru.
Prints: Aztec constructions (Mayan?) - Mexico
Narration: Advance developments in Architecture, Mathematics, Astronomy, Engineering and Agriculture.
Pottery: one from Peru and the other from Mexico.
Narration: … and the development in the visual arts. And in music.
Men (one mestizo and the other has an oriental look) blowing a seashell.
Narration: One of the instruments used by the Indians, the Conch, kind of a seashell…. The sound… it was used in battle...
Wind instruments made of clay / ceramics
Narration: Made of clay or ceramics, the whistles and "ocarinas" (Andean instrument - globular flute)… instruments made in the shape of animals.
CU man using a clay whistle.
CU man playing the ocarina.
Man playing drums (long horizontal ones) . Men playing whistle and ocarina.
Narration: Together with the whistles and ocarinas, they have the drums.
Three flutes ( quenas or kenas). Man playing a clay flute.
Narration: Flutes were made of clay, bones, etc. Even though they did not write their music, the construction of these instruments tells us how the music sound like. They used the five tone scale.
Three wind instruments made of clay (kind of zamponas). Man playing zampona.
Narration: Some used two or three notes at the same time.
Man playing zampona, other the quena and in the background a man playing the drums.
Rattle made of deer bones. Rattle made of cocoons. Rattle constructed from metal.
Rattle made of human bone. CU of hand playing the rattles.
Narration: Different rattles made of…
CU Mayan Indian singing.
Narration: Mayan singing "...come children worship the sun…"
Narration: Among Pre-Colombian Indians, music and dance was associated with religion.
Man dancing with fire in foreground. Dressed with luxurious cloth ( kind o a skirt, short top and special hat).
Narration: Ancient rhymes suggested that Aztec priests might have dance to honour Ometecuhtli or Xiuhtechuhtli, the God of fire.
Prints: Ship and warriors. Scenes from battle (horses and weapons). Spanish fighters. Indians with shields. Indian with arc and arrow. Indian wounded.
Narration: When the Spanish came to the New World they brought horses and guns. And the desire for gold. They fought the Indians. Indians were conquered and Civilizations destroyed.
Print: Spanish conquistador sitting in his ruling chair and Indians surrounding him.
A violin. Woman playing the violin. A Lain American violin. Woman playing this violin.
Narration: … but the Spanish brought a rich culture as well… the string instruments… the violin… the Indians made their own violin with the available materials… violin made of cotton.
Spanish Guitar. Man playing a Spanish guitar ( strong Spanish tune). A Latin American guitar made of animal shell. Man playing this instrument.
Narration: The guitar was brought to the New World and became very popular… Indians made a guitar of the shell of an armadillo.
Guitarrón ( very large guitar-like instrument with a short neck, six strings, no frets on the fingerboard and a belly in the back) . Man playing this guitar.
Mariachis playing: violin and harp. Spanish guitar. Mariachi singing uy, uy, uy. Guitars and guitarron. Trumpet. Violin. Harp.
Narration: Guitars are made in many different sizes.. Here is a guitarron ( Spanish word for big guitar), a large base guitar. The Mexican Mariachis uses the seven tone European scale and instruments that were originated in Europe… but the sound made by the Mariachis is distinctively Latin American.
Man dancing flamenco. CU feet "zapateo" (tap dance). CU hands clapping.
Man dancing a Mexican dance with zapateo. CU feet.
Man dancing a gaucho dance. CU of feet.
Narration: Flamenco influenced Latin Americans…in dance the Latin Americans changed… for example the "Zapateado Veracruzano" (tap dance from Vera Cruz)…another dance influenced by the Spanish Flamenco is the "Malambo" and its dance by the Gauchos, the Argentinean cowboys…
Mayan Sun Calendar. Print of Mayan warriors. Pottery.
Narration: In Latin America, the Ancient music tradition of the Indians still exist… this traditions have been blended with the rhythms of Spanish music…. sometimes rhythms of Portugal and rhythms brought from African slaves…
Man with suit sitting playing a Villalobos Prelude No. 1 with a Spanish guitar.
Narration: … modern compositions for guitar by the Brazilian composer, Villalobos, brings many traditions together.
Close up of man playing the drums.
Narration: Latin American music have had a big effect in popular music throughout the world… the Tango.
Close up of man playing the conga.
Narration: the Cha-Cha-Cha.
Close up of man playing the bongos. .
Narration: the Rumba.
Close up of two men playing the drums and maracas. .
Narration: the Bossa Nova.
Close up of two men playing the drums (with bell) and the maracas.
Narration: the Mambo.
Close up of two men playing the drums, tamborim, and one maraca.
Narration: the Samba.
Close up of Peruvian Indian. Several dancers passing by camera. CU feet.
Three couples dancing "Marinera Puneña" (from Puno, Peru) dressed with Andean cloth and waving white handkerchiefs.
Narration: … the old and the new which make up the songs and dances of the fiestas in the high mountains of the Andes… couple of dances were introduced from Spain…but the energetic beat of this dance is of Indian origin…
A man dances. He is dressed as Demon with a huge mask. Other people are sitting in a circle around him / clapping to the music.
Narration: Although the fiesta is holding a Christian Holiday… the Demon dance… pagan religion of the Incas.
A couple dancing the huayno. Turns and movements featuring hops and a tap-like zapateo to mark time. A boy playing the drums.
Narration: This dance was influenced by a very popular dance from the United States.
Group of Bolivians playing the guitar and singing "...quieran a mi patria Bolivia..."
Narration: Latin Americans have been influenced by other music and they have at the same time influence other music…
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