Places + Locations | 1960 | Sound | Colour
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The ecological effect of building the Kariba dam 1960's
Torrent of water rushing down hillside emanating from large waterfall, into deep canyon. Victoria falls, Rhodesia or Zimbabwe in close up. Panning shot of Zambezi river. Central African airways plane taxies into airport. Cut to a modern urban environment with Mercedes sports car (Reg. RS 6113) prominent. City scenes (either Salisbury of Bulawayo) with modern multi-storey and high rise buildings, as well as more traditional governmental buildings. Pearl Assurance offices. Cut to rural setting and river with man in traditional clothing paddling dug out canoe. Cut to steel works and textile manufacture. Panning shot of cooling towers at power station. Coal being mined and transported by conveyor belt. Train departs with load of coal from Wankie coal fields. Cut to Zambezi. Voice-over poses a solution to the problem of generating power to capture namely to harness the power of the Zambezi river. Smelting plant. Dusk with two canoeists crossing horizon. Rain water falling from palm fronds into the Zambezi river which is covered with flowers. Zambezi valley jungle. White orchid and other flowers. Desert. Young African women pound a giant cylindrical wooden threshing pestle, with large wooden stakes. Men in traditional dress walk through the camp. One of the tribe releases a balloon. A young man in a safari suit looks through surveying equipment. Close up of equipment. Axe being plunged into tree. Young deer or antelope runs into forest. Birds fly into sky after being disturbed. Trees are chopped down. Lizard climbs up tree. Surveying equipment. Oil lamp, with white man smoking pipe and poring over map.
Kariba gorge. Explosion on hillside, possibly gold or iron ore mine. Hippopotamus surfaces in water. Crane with mechanical digger. Diagram showing how the dam over the Kariba gorge was built. Mechanical diggers built roads that were necessary to carry the fuel needed to build the dam. Man in shorts descends from ladder on exterior of gasometer. Construction of copper dam. Mechanical digger uprooting indigenous trees. Very large steel ball and chain attached to steel chains is dragged through the forest. Trees and other foliage are cut down in its path. As part of the development this land will become the floor or basin of a new river created by the dam. Tortoise. Monkey running through bush. Snake on tree branch. Preparations for the destruction of the copper dam. In the valley the Tonga chiefs call their head men together. Natives in traditional dress discuss the likely consequences of the dam. The village chiefs discuss the dam. Final phases on the construction of the dam. Overhead view of road bridge. Cement transporters. Silos pumped with compressed air are used to mix the concrete. Above dam the river reduced to a trickle. Diagram of Kariba showing how the Zambezi starts to flood the surrounding land, creating a new lake 175 miles long and 20 miles wide. Large snake in branches of tree. Animals that have been stranded by the creation of this man made lake are rescued by men in boats. Two antelopes swim in water. A pig runs through the forest. Tribes woman dressed in traditional clothing look on as a young tribes woman tries on a new dress, while another consumes a lollipop. Federal Ministry of Health Land rover arrives at medical centre. The dam nears completion. A single jet is allowed to escape to allow water to be provided for the lands between Kariba and the sea. Long shot of dam. Adult Cow. Elephant struggling to reach the shoreline a few miles away. The elephant is guided to shallow waters and directed towards land. Monkeys large and small are removed from the water and placed in wooden boxes. Animals that have been captured are set free. Arrival of heavy electrical equipment for the underground power station to be built in the river bank. Diagram showing how the hydro- electric machinery works. Switching station located above ground with electricity transformers. From here the power flows in steel cord aluminium cables strung in pairs from tall steel towers. Large bales of wire are unwound in the bush. The electricity power from Kariba is carried 900 miles to cities and mines. Interior of subterranean or underground power station. Turbine shafts. At this point in history Kariba was the greatest source of power south of the equator. Welding at steel works, with man wearing protective mask.
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