Film: 9720

Aviation | 1950 | Sound | Colour

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Synopsis:

Film introduced by Oliver King Niece Ward surgeon general of the Air Force and William Ward President of Armour and company. Topic described as feeding men in space.
It is the task of the military and industry to bring these men through their time in space with maximum efficiency. Alistair Cooke discusses the pace of the space race. 1950's television monitor and sound system mounted on a large console, described by Cooke as the Space Control Set. Close up of tape deck and we hear count down to lift off. Chicken with garnish under large serving cover / tray. American Indian beside fire. Second World War K ration, held up by Alistair Cooke. For long flights during World War Two the crew had to renew its energy between take off and landing. The result was the fighter pilot food package, shown by Cooke. Interior flight deck of Air Force plane. Flight crew are served drinks, and pre cooked frozen meals. The technology of flying developed even further with the new requirement of oxygen masks essential for flying at high altitude. Tablets were developed to replicate meat, vegetable and milk products. Pilot takes a tablet. U.S.A. Air Force jet plane and pilot, feeding through a tube. Narration by Cooke continues describing the difficulty of feeding men in space. Flight simulator, similar to the one used in James Bond film. Noise, stress, heat and vibration are all used to determine the limits of astronauts. Wright Air Development Center Headquarters, Directorate of Research, Aero Medical Laboratory, Building Z9. Scientists in white coats conduct experiments. Striving for an acceptable diet under extremely confined and weightless conditions. Scientist weighs and wraps up meat in plastic. Weightless chamber, possibly an aircraft with astronaut floating about. Astronaut attempts to drink water in weightless environment, with very poor results. Wash and dry cloth. Astronauts are conditioned to the kind of diet they will get in space. For 72 hours before the launch each astronaut is on a low residue diet, and is then given a high protein breakfast. Astronaut shown eating steak and drinking orange juice. Representation of astronaut in first stages of the launch and in orbit. Astronaut eats small bit of food, disposable polyethylene gloves allow the astronaut to eat without getting the controls wet or messy. Some of the answers will come from allied industries. Here is the link between the two presenters at the head of the film. Industry and government acting in partnership. So far short space flights of 48 hours or less. Flights of two or three days or months. It takes 1000 pounds of thrust for every pound in weight to go into orbit. The average man uses 5 and a half pounds, two thirds of a gallon of water every day. The Cooke narration continues. It will take 990,000 pounds of thrust to lift the normal drinking supply for one man for six months. On intermediate flights it is clear the spaceman will have to take with him the minimum of water and recycle / renew his supply by reconverting his own waste products e.g. perspiration, moisture exhalation and urine. End of conversion process of water, shown in detailed diagram form. What of flights to other planets and the planets of their suns, flights that could take a year or longer?. Experiments on algae are being conducted. Futuristic drawing board. Imaginative use of control graphics to show flight of animated space rocket and interior. Narrator holds up tiny box , a 'lunar lunch packet' the creation of which is still being sought after.


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