Media | 1960 | Sound | B/W
Title pages of German newspapers Der Abend, Hannoversche Allgemeine on newspaper stand. Other titles include Der Kurier, Nacht-Depesche, Deutsche Gemeinschaft, Die Welt, Frankfurter Allgemeine, Frankfurter Rundschad. Exterior of metro system where a man in a leather jacket stands reading his newspaper. Exterior of a cafe where customers sit reading newspapers. Cafe society. Exterior of a bus, destination Mariendorf number A81. People on the bus read newspapers. Some of the 1400 different newspaper editions published every day in the Federal Republic. Good but brief shots of the Underground, Metro or Unterbahn where people read newspapers and eavesdrop on each other doing it. Newspaper printing press where we see the high speed printing of some of the 18 million newspapers which come off the rotary printing presses daily. Interior shot of printing plant where two men inspect the finished product. Close-up of the constitution of the German Republic (in German). Newsroom of second largest newspaper in Europe (unidentified) published in Hamburg. Men and a few women sit around a table discussing what to include in the paper. Detailed shot of how the layout is decided. After this has been decided, each page is mechanically reduced in size and travels over hundreds of miles to the printing centres.... Proof of paper is sent by an early form of fax to other presses throughout this part of Germany. Only the big 20 publishing houses can afford this kind of operation which cuts down on the cost of forwarding (distributing) newspapers. The document is sent on the early kind of Xerox / fax machine and we see a man talking down a fixed microphone. The document is removed from the machine at the other end. Telephonists (Copytakers) sit at machines typing in copy. Scripts written in the newsroom are transferred to perforated strips (shown). These are then transmitted to the printing centre by telex and on arrival are placed straight into the typesetting machine (shown). Close-up of the final metal typesetting printing block (plate). Large screens with back lighting (light boxes?) are used to examine photographs and advertisements to be placed in the 'boulevard press' or cheaper style newspapers which at this time constituted a third of all newspaper sales in the country. A negative is chemically washed and dried. Over 180 different head offices of editorial for political affairs. The photograph printing process continues, as photographs are given careful examination. Narration continues giving details of the purchasing habits of Germans at this time. We see the photograph as it appears in the finished edition. Van with 'Bild' written on it drives away from the camera and panning shot of very 1960's modernist building, possibly 'Bild' headquarters in Berlin. Small German village with cobbled streets, market town hall clock. Small newspapers reflect the diversity of the kind of material available in Germany. In Lunnenburg newspapers have been produced for over 300 years (interior of this traditional looking house where a man takes out an A4 file). Chief editor is responsible for the pages' content. A woman telephonist is hurried up by an angry-looking sub-editor. He beckons towards his secretary to hurry up. Good shot of newspaper titles, Rotenburger Kreiszeitung, Landeszeitung, Balsroder Zeitung, Bohme Zeitung and the Burgdorfer Kreisblatte. Traditional horses and traps carry passengers along a muddy road in a forest. Elderly people wearing raincoats and hats walk along a path while in the background sheep graze. a man in a traditional German hat takes a drag on a cigarette. A young man enters the studio of a sculptor who works on a large life size wooden sculpture. Our young reporter takes a photograph of the artist in his studio while he poses with his pipe. The young man takes the photograph and the flashbulb from his camera goes off. A woman is greeted by a man in a plush office, or hotel suite. He helps her take off her jacket. She removes her notepad from her bag. This female journalist is part of the editorial community or groups which exist in Germany returns to her office. She starts to write her report. Behind her, a man composes an article with a typewriter perched on his knee. Slow panning shot taking in a portable recorder or phone and a 35mm camera. We see the photograph of the sculptor as it appears in the final edition. Close up of a perambulator or pram with two young children inside. Modern duplicating machine (of its time), early photocopier. Professor Belter one of the six editors of this Frankfurt-based newspaper (Frankfurter Zeitung). In Germany, the professor describes the funding of the newspaper and describes how it is independent of government economy and individual persons of interest. Interior and exterior of the publishing house of the newspaper. Panning shot of exterior of this 1960's modernist publishing house construction of modern office block with cranes in Berlin. Brief panning shot of the Berlin Wall with guard tower and barbed wire. Construction of a new press centre in the traditional newspaper publishing district in Berlin. Sign showing rules which should be obeyed when crossing from West to East Germany. Sign reads "You are entering the American sector. Carrying weapons off duty forbidden. Obey traffic rules". Interior of Institute for Mass Communication. Panning shot of wall. On it we can see English language editions of the Berlin reporter. Young journalists from developing countries undertake six month training courses. We see a room of young black men discussing newspaper articles in front of them. They sit at typewriters writing articles. A young Indian man with traditional hat consults a book taken from a shelf. Four other men pore over a map. Panning shot of map of Berlin on wall, finishing on an editor (journalist) who tears up sheet of paper. Exterior shots of newspaper building with titles prominent. Der Kurier der Tages Spiegel. der Alenal Spandauer Volksblatt, Telegraf. Still photograph of members of the German Press Council. Good shot of street seller holding up copies of Bild. Van delivers copies of the newspaper printed that day. In the background a C and A clothing store can be seen. A man buys a newspaper from a man in a bar. Newspapers arrive at the airport to be put on an Air France plane at Hamburg Airport. Newspapers are loaded into the hold. A plane with Lufthansa emblazoned on the side takes off.
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