Film: 9949

Places + Locations | 1950 | Sound | Colour

Synopsis:

Documentary about the life of the Andes mountains in Peru, South America 1950's
The cities of Cusco and the town of Chincheros are portrayed. Lima, the capital of Peru, is also included.
TITLES:
A Peruvian flag waving in the wind.
TITLE:
PERU
MUSIC
Peruvian "quenas"
The Andes mountains and some llama and alpaca.
A lake (Yungay) among some mountains. A peak covered with snow. Shots of some mountains' peaks. A mountain lake, and some llama roaming. A mountain stream flowing.
COMMENTARY:
"The highland of the Andes… 12,000 feet and more above see level…one of the mountains 22,000 feet, the highest in the Western hemisphere… extinct volcanoes… snow in majestic peaks… streams and rivers"
A geographical map showing South America. Zoom in / close-up on Peru. A coastline. A green valley. An aerial view of the rain forest. Close-up of some flowers (orchids). Parrots. A Close-up of few colourful plants. An aborigine from the jungle hunting with a blow pipe. A close-up of the aborigine's face. Few aborigines with their faces painted.
COMMENTARY:
"Peru is the third largest republic of South America… the Andes is the backbone of Peru… separates the tropical plains of the dessert coasts….green oasis in the midst of the dessert. The rainforest… a jungle with tropical flowers, colourful pets, wild tribes inhabit this region… almost untouched by civilization… almost no connection with the people of the heights".
A geographical map of South America showing the extension of the Inca Empire. Ruins of an ancient city. Pottery (huaco) . Stone head (Chavin). Gold Jewellery. Pottery.
Machu Picchu (Macchu Picchu) ruins: Walls. Close p of window. Close u stones.
People, some of which wearing the typical Andean clothes, walking among the ruins.
A local walking in a street of Cusco (stone wit 8angles).
INTI RAYMI ( Festival of the Sun celebrated on 24th June each year) : A commemoration of the Incas by the people of Cusco, dressed up as Incas in Saqsaywaman (Sacsahuaman) fortress.
A view of Cusco. A colonial Cathedral (built by the Spanish) in the main square of Cusco (some Andean people). Several huts of Andean people / very good close ups.
Streets in Cusco (Cuzco): Llamas and Alpacas. Andean people. A llama herd may be viewed at www.goldenvalleyllamas.co.uk and llama trekking may be arranged.
COMMENTARY:
"Before the coming of the Spaniards in 1532… the vast Empire of the Incas extended over the Andean mountains… including the countries of Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Chile… developed culture… high in the mountains the Incas developed a civilization… buildings survived times and weather… mystery how they carry those gigantic stones… the Inca civilization died on the hand of the Spaniards… the King of Spain ruled over Cusco… they brought their religion…today nine tenth of the population is Indian or Mestizo (Indian and Spanish mix)".
Chincheros Valley: A man at work in a field. He is harvesting potatoes. Girl working in the field. Man carrying potatoes (hut and mountains). Two women sorting out the potatoes by hand. A girl with few cows in a field. A flock of llama / alpaca / vicuna (vicuña). A shepherd with his sheep. Several good shots of woman working at a quite rudimental (but effective) loom-weaver. Images from a typical Andean house. The members of the family having their lunch outdoors (potatoes). Men chew coca leaves. Drink native beer made of corn (chicha de jora).
COMMENTARY:
"In Chincheros valley, near Cusco..… Antonio working in the fields, harvesting potatoes, the food of the Incas…from Peru, the conquistadors (the Spanish) carried the potatoes to the Western World… Pilar, Antonio's daughter helps… wife and sister sorting potatoes… some of them will be preserved by the an Inca method, left to freeze during the night and stored during the day… dried potatoes keep indefinitely… the Spaniards introduced cattle to the Highlands, milk became an important part of Indian diet… many animals living in this mountains have 6 layers of fur… llamas belonged to the camel family… hair woven into cloth and used as beasts of burden… alpacas and vicunas (fine wool)… Sheep… wool is a big export… weaving as they did in the time of the Incas… each village takes pride of their original designs… the house and meals… they eat boil potatoes and cheese… chew coca leaves… drink native beer made of corn".
Two children walking with no shoes towards a village. Inca walls. Children playing basketball in an open field. A man at work harvesting wheat. Two oxen are made to walk on some wheat. People at work in a field, in a 'Haciendas'. Corn. Donkeys carrying loads on their back. Men carrying loads on their backs.
COMMENTARY:
"… changes… children go to school in Chincheros… others stay at home and work… long walk… games… wheat brought by the Spaniards, is left to dry in the sun… Antonio's village is fertile… work in last states called Haciendas… they work for a landlord they hardly see… they work hard and carry lots of burden…"
A village among the mountains (Chincheros). The market held in the village of Chinchero. Shots of women selling potatoes and corn. Decorated oxen are driven into the village. The image of the Holy Mary is carried in procession (priest). Traditional dancing in a mine (colourful skirts). Men playing quenas. People dancing with masks, colourful clothing. Women gathered. A digger excavating. Miners at work. A mine camp. A goods train travelling.
COMMENTARY:
"Goods taken to the town of Chincheros… the marketplace is the centre of life for the entire countryside… selling and fiesta of the harvest time, ancient feast of fertility… traditional dances… mockery of historical events… celebrate the Inca Empire… recall of the Spanish conquerors and the winning of Independence. Mothers gathered… men in the mines… new hope for the people on the Andes… Indians learning new skills… vanadium, silver, gold, copper… Indians are gaining a voice in running their country… the landless Indians have a new hope… some of the mines are in 15,000 feet above sea level… minerals are transported to the coast… railroads… minerals transport to Lima and then to the Port of Callao for export"
A geographical map of Peru (Lima and Callao).
A view of Lima: Pan of the main Square (Plaza de Armas), Cathedral, Archbishopric Palace with wooden balconies (Palacio del Arzobispado). Front of Cathedral. View of old building and of a modern high building with monument . Big avenue (Avenida Abancay and Ministry of Education) and traffic warden. A supermarket "Su Mesa" ("Your table"). Social Security Hospital (big modern building). Cathedral. San Martin Square with lots of people. Busy street (Jiron de la Union). A field where a shepherd is trying to gather his sheep. View of a village in Cusco.
COMMENTARY:
"Lima is the City of Kings in the heart of Peru… magnificent mansions… wood carved balconys… rock churches. Today the past and the present are meeting in the City of Kings… the wealth is reflected in Lima… economically, politically and culturlly the most important city of Peru… 10 million people live here… and its from Lima that Peru looks at the outside world".
END TITLES


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